Description: Thomas Edison, a native of Milan, Ohio, invented and patented this phonograph. It was Edison's favorite invention. He created what he called the "Speaking phonograph" while working on improvements to Alexander Graham Bell's telephone in 1877. He did not market the machine for another ten years, however, so that he could concentrate on his next invention, the electric light. This oak and metal tabletop phonograph was made between 1915 and 1930 and measures 19.68 by 15.74 by 14.96 inches (50 by 40 by 38 cm). Thomas Alva Edison (1847-1931) was born in Milan, Ohio. He gained fame as an inventor, registering a total of 1,093 patents for such innovations as the incandescent light bulb, the phonograph, and the moving picture camera. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: Om1480_1164701_001 Subjects: Science and Technology; Inventions; Inventors; Phonograph; Edison, Thomas A. (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931 Places: Milan (Ohio); Erie County (Ohio)
Thomas Alva Edison visiting birthplace photographSave
Description: This 8.5" by 11" (21.59 by 27.94 cm) image depicts Thomas Alva Edison visiting his birthplace in Milan, Ohio on August 11, 1923. The Edison family moved to Canada at the end of the American Revolution with others who had taken the side of the British king rather than the American colonists. In the 1830s, the family was forced to flee Canada due to Edison's father Samuel's participation in the unsuccessful Papineau-MacKenzie Rebellion against the Canadian government. Samuel and Nancy Elliot Edison and their children settled first in Milan, Ohio and then in Port Huron, Michigan. Edison (1847-1931) gained fame as an inventor, registering a total of 1,093 patents for such innovations as the incandescent light bulb, the phonograph, and the moving picture camera. As a boy, Edison was boxed in the ears by an angry train conductor after he destroyed a box car when his science experiments exploded. Edison pointed to the incident as the cause of his loss of hearing, which worsened throughout his life. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: Om1495_1160563_001 Subjects: Science and Technology; Daily Life; Architecture; Inventors; Edison, Thomas A. (Thomas Alva), 1847-1931; Houses Places: Milan (Ohio); Erie County (Ohio)
Description: Reproduction of a photograph depicting inventor Alexander Winton driving a Winton automobile, manufactured in Cleveland, Ohio. The picture is possibly of a failed attempt made by Winton made in May 1901 to drive cross country. Beginning in San Francisco he crossed the Sierra Nevada mountains, but stopped in Nevada due to the difficult desert terrain.
Alexander Winton was born in Grangemouth, Scotland, on June 20, 1860 and died on June 21, 1932. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL02668 Subjects: Cuyahoga County (Ohio); Ohio Economy--Science and Technology; Automobiles
Description: Photograph of C. Walder Parke and the crew of the B-17 "Mission Mistress" a couple of days after returning to England. Their plane was shot down over northern France, and they traded goods with the Canadians stationed where they made their emergency landing. The guns in this picture are some of the items for which they traded. This crew belonged to the 410th Bomb Squadron of the 94th Bombardment Group in the Eighth Air Force. From left to right, those in the front row are: radio operator Henry B. Lence; bombardier Allen E. Silva; top turret gunner Raymond E. Cabel; tail gunner Manuel Grant; and waist gunner Norman Ratliff. Those in the back row, from left to right, are: waist gunner Clifford H. Eby; co-pilot Vernon R. Kreger; pilot Raymond J. Graves; Parke; and ball turret gunner Roland G. Attaway. Charles Walder Parke was born on July 28, 1924, and grew up in Shaker Heights, Ohio. He enlisted in the United States Army Air Forces in 1942 intending to be a pilot during WWII, but spent most of his military career as a navigator on B-17 Flying Fortresses in the 94th Bombardment Group. Parke earned two Bronze Stars, an Air Medal with several Oak Leaf Clusters, and the Distinguished Flying Cross for his successful bombing missions, including some over Berlin. He is best known for being on board a B-17 which was shot down over France by German planes on June 25, 1944, during a non-combat mission. The crew managed to make an emergency landing, and everyone inside survived. After the war, Parke founded the Cleveland-based Laurel Industries Inc., which became a prominent supplier of antimony oxide to the plastics industry. He died of Lou-Gehrig’s Disease on September 15, 1996, at the age of 72. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: MSS1510_B03F02_016 Subjects: Military missions; 410th Bombardment Squadron; Surprise (Military science); Exchange Places: Rougham (England)
Description: Six 2" x 2" (5.08 x 5.08 cm) photographs document a homecoming parade held for astronaut Neil Armstrong in 1969. More than 80,000 supporters greeted Armstrong upon his return to Wapakoneta, Ohio on September 6, 1969. Hope served as marshal for the event, and guests included "Tonight Show" sidekick Ed McMahon, and Dr. Albert Sabin, who invented the polio vaccine. Hope joked with the crowd that Armstrong was adjusting well to life on Earth after his space visit, "but he keeps throwing his shoes out the window and eating toothpaste," referring to the system of trash disposal on early flights and the practice of packaging astronauts' food in tubes. Neil A. Armstrong (b. 1930), the first man to walk on the moon, was born in Wapakoneta. He received Bachelor and Master of Science degrees in aeronautical engineering from Purdue University. After serving as a naval aviator from 1949 to 1952, Armstrong joined the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) in 1955. For the next 17 years he worked for NACA and its successor agency, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). As a research pilot at NASA's Flight Research Center in Edwards, California, he was a project pilot on many pioneering high-speed aircraft. Armstrong transferred to astronaut status in 1962 and was assigned as command pilot for the Gemini 8 mission, which was launched on March 16, 1966. As spacecraft commander for Apollo 11, the first manned lunar landing mission, Armstrong gained the distinction of being the first man to land a craft on the moon and first to step on its surface. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: Om3101_3737076_007 Subjects: Science and Technology; Arts and Entertainment; Celebrations; Parades & processions; Hope, Bob, 1903-2003; Armstrong, Neil, 1930-2012; Flight; Aeronautics; Sabin, Albert B. (Albert Bruce), 1906-; Astronauts Places: Wapakoneta (Ohio); Auglaize County (Ohio)
Description: caption reads: "Nurses home at Middletown Hospital" Middletown Hospital, now Atrium Medical Center, is located in Butler County, Ohio. The hospital was established to assist the Middletown community in times of medical need. The hospital was officially opened on March 5, 1917 with 28 beds. By 1923, the need for a larger hospital was recognized and the hospital expanded to 100 beds. Middletown Hospital established one of the country's first coronary care units in a community hospital, became second in the entire Cincinnati/Dayton area to begin a cardiac rehabilitation program, the first to perform FDA-approved total hip replacement and the first to use the Yag laser. Middletown has received numerous awards including top honors from the Joint Commission on the Accreditation of Healthcare Organizations (JCAHO) and the first Ohio hospital to be ISO 9001:2000 certified. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: SA1039AV_B05F09_049_1 Subjects: Hospitals--History--Ohio; Nurses; Science and Technology; Medicine Places: Middletown (Ohio); Butler County (Ohio)
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