Aeneas McKay letter to Arthur St. Clair   Save
Aeneas McKay letter to Arthur St. Clair
Description: This letter written by Aeneas McKay from the area near Fort Pitt (now Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania) to Arthur St. Clair (then magistrate for the area around Fort Pitt) in September of 1774 describes Connolly's raids against the American Indians in Ohio and the assembling of troops for additional raids during Lord Dunmore's War. He also writes that Lord Dunmore himself is expected back in the middle of the week. McKay reports that the fighting and bloodshed from the war so far have been so bad that "we dare not venture to enjoy the comfort of peaceable rest or step at night for fear of our houses being broke open about our ears & our persons maltreated." The three-page letter measures 7" by 12" (19 by 31cm) and is part of a larger collection of Arthur St. Clair letters that is owned by the State Library of Ohio and on permanent deposit at the Ohio Historical Society. Lord Dunmore's War was caused primarily by a boundary dispute between the colonies of Virginia and Pennsylvania over the western territories in what is now Tennessee, Kentucky, West Virginia, and Ohio and some minor skirmishes between American Indian tribes, mostly Shawnee, and settlers around the Ohio River. In response John Murray, Lord Dunmore (the royal governor of Virginia) sent his agents Dr. John Connolly and George Croghan to Fort Pitt (now Pittsburgh) to garrison forces and defend the frontier in January of 1774. There were several battles leading up to the Battle of Point Pleasant (West Virginia), where the American Indians were decisively defeated. Lord Dunmore pursued them over the Ohio River and headed for present day Chillicothe, the Shawnee capital. There, Dunmore and the American Indians signed the Treaty of Camp Charlotte, which opened up the western lands to European settlement. Chief Logan of the Seneca-Cayuga Tribe, protesting the treaty, sent a moving speech to the assembly, stating that all of his family had been killed in the war, and "who is left to mourn for Logan, not one." View on Ohio Memory.
Image ID: Om74_1147167_041
Subjects: Military Ohio; American Indians in Ohio; Lord Dunmore's War, 1774
Places: Northwest Territory