: This ceramic vessel has a flattened base, round body, and narrow neck that flares out at the rim. There are two incised horizontal lines at the base of the neck, two horizontal lines near the base, and one line just below the rim. Incised on the body are four interconnected spiral designs that surround circles. The jar has been broken into pieces and glued together, but several large pieces are missing from the body. This piece ranges in color from dark gray to pale brown and comes from Mississippian Culture.
Between about A.D. 700 and 1600, people living in the central Mississippi River valley developed a lifestyle that archaeologists refer to as Mississippian. Mississippian farmers raised the same crops as their Woodland ancestors. However, they relied more and more on corn, squash, and beans. It is believed that the Mississippian people had to move to new sites, perhaps every ten years, as their soil became less fertile. Most Mississippian groups lived on single farms or in small villages, but, because their food supply could support more people, their villages grew in size and density. Some archaeologists believe the Mississippian cultures developed chiefdoms in which certain persons held a great deal of power. In many of the larger towns and regional centers, the Mississippian people built flat-topped pyramid-shaped mounds of earth that served as bases for buildings. Archaeologists believe that these buildings may have been the homes of leaders or places for public rituals. What happened to the Mississippian cultures is not clear, but there was a decline or disruption of their lifestyle beginning in some places as early as A.D. 1350. View on Ohio Memory.
: A0014_000045_1 Subjects
: Mississippian culture; Mound-builders; Pottery, Prehistoric; Places