Description: This photograph shows the town and oil fields of Cygnet, Ohio, in 1890. Cygnet experienced a population boom in the 1880s as the oil industry developed in Northwest Ohio, and the town grew from a few dozen people to over 3,000. During the late nineteenth century, Ohio became one of the top oil producing states in the country and was the leading oil producer from 1895 to 1903. This oil boom brought a significant amount of growth and affluence to Wood County. By the 1910s, Ohio's oil boom declined and Ohio dropped out of the top four oil producing states in 1917. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL07626 Subjects: Oil fields--Ohio; Oil industry; Petroleum industry; Ohio Economy--Science and Technology Places: Cygnet (Ohio); Wood County (Ohio)
Description: Dated 1920, this photograph shows a man sitting and speaking into a voice recorder during the presidential campaign of Warren G. Harding.
This photograph is part of the Warren G. Harding Photograph Collection. Warren G. Harding, the 29th President of the United States from 1921-1923, was born near Marion, Ohio, in 1865. At age 14, Harding attended Ohio Central College, where he edited the campus newspaper and became an accomplished public speaker. He married Florence Kling de Wolfe in 1891, and embarked on his political career in 1898 by winning a seat in the Ohio legislature for two terms. Harding became Lieutenant Governor in 1903 for two years before returning to the newspaper business. While unsuccessful in a run for Governor in 1910, Harding won election to the U.S. Senate in 1914. Political insider Harry Daugherty began promoting Harding for the Republican presidential nomination in 1920. His campaign, known as “The Front Porch Campaign,” was centered on low-key speeches given from his home in Marion, Ohio, pledging to return the country to “normalcy.” Harding easily won the election, gaining 61 percent of the popular vote. On August 2, 1923, Harding died from a massive heart attack and is entombed in the Marion Cemetery. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: P146_B20_P69_02_M33 Subjects: Presidential campaigns; Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923--Photographs; Science and Technology Places: Marion (Ohio); Marion County (Ohio)
Description: 1962 architect's view of Columbus in 1992. This image accompanied an article entitled "Columbus Looks Ahead," published in the Columbus Dispatch Magazine, October 14, 1962. Columbus celebrated its sesquicentennial in 1962. Three architectural firms created futuristic drawings envisioning the Columbus of 1992. Image caption reads: "Architects Brooks and Coddington see the Columbus of 1992 like this. A spindle-top restaurant will be a festive attraction, and many parking areas will be underground." View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL05646 Subjects: Cityscapes; Columbus (Ohio); Ohio Economy--Science and Technology; Architectural drawings Places: Columbus (Ohio); Franklin County (Ohio)
Description: Dated ca. 1935-1940, this photograph shows Central High School, located on the west bank of the Scioto River in downtown Columbus, Ohio. Columbus Public Schools sold the building in the 1990s and soon after the Center of Science and Industry (COSI) bought the building and remodeled it for the new site of COSI. Most of the front of the school remains facing the river. The new addition sits on what was the football field of the school. This photograph is one of the many visual materials collected for use in the Ohio Guide. In 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt established the Works Progress Administration by executive order to create jobs for the large numbers of unemployed laborers, as well as artists, musicians, actors, and writers. The Federal Arts Program, a sector of the Works Progress Administration, included the Federal Writers’ Project, one of the primary goals of which was to complete the America Guide series, a series of guidebooks for each state which included state history, art, architecture, music, literature, and points of interest to the major cities and tours throughout the state. Work on the Ohio Guide began in 1935 with the publication of several pamphlets and brochures. The Reorganization Act of 1939 consolidated the Works Progress Administration and other agencies into the Federal Works Administration, and the Federal Writers’ Project became the Federal Writers’ Project in Ohio. The final product was published in 1940 and went through several editions. The Ohio Guide Collection consists of 4,769 photographs collected for use in Ohio Guide and other publications of the Federal Writers’ Project in Ohio from 1935-1939. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: SA1039AV_B11F06_022_001 Subjects: Columbus (Ohio)--Buildings, structures, etc.; Center of Science and Industry (Columbus, Ohio); High schools--Ohio; School buildings--Ohio; Architecture Places: Columbus (Ohio); Franklin County (Ohio)
Description: Dated ca. 1930-1939, this photograph shows the Athens State Hospital from Reservoir Hill in Athens, Ohio. In 1868, construction began on the Athens Asylum. Levi T. Scofield, a Cleveland architect designed the building and it formally opened on January 9, 1874. Within two years of opening, administrators renamed the Athens Asylum the Athens Hospital for the Insane. Over its history, the hospital underwent several name changes, including the Athens State Hospital, the Southeastern Ohio Mental Health Center, the Athens Mental Health Center, the Athens Mental Health and Mental Retardation Center, and the Athens Mental Health and Developmental Center. The Athens Asylum was one of several hospitals for the mentally ill operated by the State of Ohio. The asylum closed as a mental hospital in 1993. Ohio University eventually purchased the grounds and renamed the site The Ridges. The hospital is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Originally, the hospital's grounds consisted of a park-like setting, with ponds, gardens, and fountains. Doctors hoped that the beautiful surroundings would assist patients in recovering their mental health. Patients worked in the gardens, the greenhouse, the orchards, or the dairy, helped to tend livestock, or found employment in the asylum's carriage shop. The asylum also boasted a physical plant that heated the various buildings with steam heat. Many of the patients were never released from the hospital and were buried in the asylum's cemetery. This photograph is one of the many visual materials collected for use in the Ohio Guide. In 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt established the Works Progress Administration by executive order to create jobs for the large numbers of unemployed laborers, as well as artists, musicians, actors, and writers. The Federal Arts Program, a sector of the Works Progress Administration, included the Federal Writers’ Project, one of the primary goals of which was to complete the America Guide series, a series of guidebooks for each state which included state history, art, architecture, music, literature, and points of interest to the major cities and tours throughout the state. Work on the Ohio Guide began in 1935 with the publication of several pamphlets and brochures. The Reorganization Act of 1939 consolidated the Works Progress Administration and other agencies into the Federal Works Administration, and the Federal Writers’ Project became the Federal Writers’ Project in Ohio. The final product was published in 1940 and went through several editions. The Ohio Guide Collection consists of 4,769 photographs collected for use in Ohio Guide and other publications of the Federal Writers’ Project in Ohio from 1935-1939. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: SA1039AV_B01F14_003_001 Subjects: Mental health; State Hospitals--History--Ohio; Science and Technology; Medicine; Athens Hospital for the Insane (Athens, Ohio) Places: Athens (Ohio); Athens County (Ohio)
James Rhodes at Neil Armstrong Homecoming Parade photographSave
Description: This 2" x 2" (5.08 x 5.08 cm) photograph shows Ohio Governor James Rhodes speaking at a homecoming parade held for astronaut Neil Armstrong in 1969. More than 80,000 supporters greeted Armstrong upon his return to Wapakoneta, Ohio on September 6, 1969. Bob Hope served as marshal for the event, and guests included "Tonight Show" sidekick Ed McMahon, and Dr. Albert Sabin, who invented the polio vaccine. Hope joked with the crowd that Armstrong was adjusting well to life on Earth after his space visit, "but he keeps throwing his shoes out the window and eating toothpaste," referring to the system of trash disposal on early flights and the practice of packaging astronauts' food in tubes. Neil A. Armstrong (b. 1930), the first man to walk on the moon, was born in Wapakoneta. He received Bachelor and Master of Science degrees in aeronautical engineering from Purdue University. After serving as a naval aviator from 1949 to 1952, Armstrong joined the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) in 1955. For the next 17 years he worked for NACA and its successor agency, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). As a research pilot at NASA's Flight Research Center in Edwards, California, he was a project pilot on many pioneering high-speed aircraft. Armstrong transferred to astronaut status in 1962 and was assigned as command pilot for the Gemini 8 mission, which was launched on March 16, 1966. As spacecraft commander for Apollo 11, the first manned lunar landing mission, Armstrong gained the distinction of being the first man to land a craft on the moon and first to step on its surface. James Rhodes (1909-2001) served four terms as governor of Ohio, more than any other Ohio governor. Rhodes was born in Coalton, Ohio, and his father, a Welsh coal miner, died when he was eight years old. Rhodes attended Ohio State University, but had to drop out to support his mother and sisters. In 1937, Rhodes was elected to the Columbus board of education. He served two terms as auditor before being elected mayor of Columbus in 1943. He was auditor of state from 1952 to 1962 and ran for governor twice before being elected in 1962. In May 1970, Rhodes ordered National Guard troops to the Kent State University campus, resulting in the tragic shootings of four students after days of Vietnam War protests. During his four terms as governor Rhodes advocated for more funding for universities and was responsible for the development of dozens of new parks, highways and airports. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: Om3101_3737102_001 Subjects: Ohio Government; Science and Technology; Arts and Entertainment; Celebrations; Parades & processions; Hope, Bob, 1903-2003; Armstrong, Neil, 1930-2012; Flight; Aeronautics; Astronauts; Governors; Rhodes, James A. (James Allen), 1909-2001 Places: Wapakoneta (Ohio); Auglaize County (Ohio)
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