Viceroy butterfly Limenitis archippus   Save
Ohio Butterfly Collection
Description: The viceroy butterfly is commonly found in all of Ohio's eighty-eight counties. It lives in moist, open habitats, often near small willow trees. It is a member of the Nymphalidae (brushfooted) family, and can usually be seen between April and October, peaking between July and August. It is also an excellent example of a species that mimics another for defensive reasons. The viceroy butterfly looks very similar to the monarch butterfly, which eats plants that contain poisons known as cardiac glycosides and cause vomiting in birds. As a result, birds will not eat monarch butterflies. Though the viceroy does not eat the same plants, birds tend not to eat the viceroy because they mistake it for the monarch. This viceroy has a wingspan of 2.3 to 3.3 inches (5.9 to 8.4 cm). In Ohio there are more than 150 species of butterflies. Twenty-seven different species of butterflies representing five families can be found in the Ohio Memory Online Scrapbook, including all seven species of butterflies that are listed as endangered in Ohio. Butterflies are a part of the order Lepidoptera (from the Greek words lepis, which means scale and pteron, which means wing). There are nearly 17,500 species of butterflies world-wide. Approximately 750 of these can be found in North America. View on Ohio Memory.
Image ID: Om1360_1156938_019
Subjects: Plants and Animals; Butterflies; Viceroy butterfly; Insects; Nymphalidae
Places: Ohio