Woodland Muskox (Bootherium bombifrons) skull   Save
Ohio History Connection Museum
Description: This skull of a male woodland muskox, found in Licking County, is an example of an animal that roamed Ohio during the last ice age. Bootherium, one of five different kinds of muskoxen that lived during the late Pleistocene, primarily inhabited woodland regions (areas characterized by a mix of tree stands and grasslands). Adult males probably used their large hornbases in head-on clashes with other males to compete for dominance as part of the mating process. The curved horn tips were also undoubtedly used by both sexes to ward off predators. While successful for millennia during the Pleistocene, the species ultimately became extinct. The woodland muskox, taller and thinner than its modern surviving relative, measured approximately 56 to 70 inches at the shoulders and ranged from 500 to 900 pounds in weight. Bootherium was widespread in North America, from Alaska to Texas and from the Pacific coast to the North Atlantic coastal area. View on Ohio Memory.
Image ID: Om1401_1142875_001
Subjects: Plants and Animals; Muskox; Skulls; Extinct animals
Places: Licking County (Ohio)