: Carte de visite portrait of Ohio geologist Charles Whittlesey pictured in his Civil War uniform.
Whittlesey, born in 1808, graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point and served in the U.S. Army during the Black Hawk War in 1832. He resigned his commission, studied law, and became an attorney in Cleveland, Ohio. While at West Point, Whittlesey had studied geology; he became an assistant geologist of Ohio in 1837 and participated in the geological survey of the state conducted in the late 1830s. With the outbreak of the Civil War, he immediately enlisted in the Union Army, and in April 1861, he became the assistant quartermaster-general for Ohio troops. He also participated in the western Virginia campaign of 1861, serving as the chief engineer for Ohio's military units.
Following this campaign, Whittlesey helped design the defenses of Cincinnati, and he became the colonel in command of the 20th Ohio Infantry. He participated in the Battles of Fort Donelson and Shiloh. Ill health caused him to resign from the military in April 1862. In 1867, he helped establish the Western Reserve Historical Society and served as the organization's president until his death on October 18, 1886. Whittlesey authored approximately 200 books and articles, mostly about geology and early Ohio early history. View on Ohio Memory.
: SC4190_Whittlesey Subjects
: Ohio--History--Civil War, 1861-1865; Military officers; Portrait photography; Geology -- Ohio; Authors Places
: Cleveland (Ohio); Cuyahoga County (Ohio)