: Dated ca. 1939, this photograph shows the intersection of Back Street and Hamer Street in Over-the-Rhine in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Germans fleeing the upheaval of the revolutions of 1848 settled in Cincinnati in large numbers. By mid-century, a German area north and east of Central Parkway, centered on Vine Street, had become known as Over-the-Rhine. By the 1890s its high concentration of breweries and bars made it the entertainment center of the city; though the neighborhood never recovered from Prohibition, it retains the greatest density of Italianate architecture in the United States. The area was a slum for most of the 20th century, and in the 21st century it continued to endure alternate periods of investment and disinvestment. The area was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1983.
This photograph is one of the many visual materials collected for use in the Ohio Guide. In 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt established the Works Progress Administration by executive order to create jobs for the large numbers of unemployed laborers, as well as artists, musicians, actors, and writers. The Federal Arts Program, a sector of the Works Progress Administration, included the Federal Writers’ Project, one of the primary goals of which was to complete the America Guide series, a series of guidebooks for each state which included state history, art, architecture, music, literature, and points of interest to the major cities and tours throughout the state. Work on the Ohio Guide began in 1935 with the publication of several pamphlets and brochures. The Reorganization Act of 1939 consolidated the Works Progress Administration and other agencies into the Federal Works Administration, and the Federal Writers’ Project became the Federal Writers’ Project in Ohio. The final product was published in 1940 and went through several editions. The Ohio Guide Collection consists of 4,769 photographs collected for use in Ohio Guide and other publications of the Federal Writers’ Project in Ohio from 1935-1939.
View on Ohio Memory.
: SA1039AV_B04F10_32_01 Subjects
: Cincinnati (Ohio)--Buildings, structures, etc.; Streets; Automobiles; Immigrants; Stores and shops Places
: Cincinnati (Ohio) ; Hamilton County (Ohio)