Birthplace of William T. Sherman, Lancaster, Ohio   Save
Birthplace of William T. Sherman, Lancaster, Ohio
Description: This photograph shows the Sherman House Museum in Lancaster, Ohio. The Sherman House is the birthplace of General William Tecumseh Sherman, the home of his parents, Charles and Mary Sherman, and his siblings. Built in 1811, the house includes a parlor, kitchen, master bedroom, and bedrooms for the children. The family built an addition in 1816 which included a parlor and study for Judge Charles Sherman, William's father. Furniture belonging to General William T. Sherman and his wife Ellen from their New York City home decorates the parlor today. Sherman was a graduate of West Point and served under General Ulysses S. Grant in the American Civil War from 1862-1863. In 1863, he succeeded General Grant as the commander of the western theater of the war. He led his troops through Georgia and the Carolinas in the famous "March to the Sea". In April 1865, he accepted the surrender of the Confederates armies in the Carolinas, Georgia, and Florida. The photograph's caption reads "House in which Gen. Wm T. Sherman, of Civil War fame, was born to Charles and Mary Sherman on Feb. 8 1820. John Sherman, statesman, also born here. Plaque on front wall placed by G. A. R. and allied organ. in 1921. Home just east of business section on N. Main St. Lancaster, Ohio." This photograph is one of the many visual materials collected for use in the Ohio Guide. In 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt established the Works Progress Administration by executive order to create jobs for the large numbers of unemployed laborers, as well as artists, musicians, actors, and writers. The Federal Arts Program, a sector of the Works Progress Administration, included the Federal Writers’ Project, one of the primary goals of which was to complete the America Guide series, a series of guidebooks for each state which included state history, art, architecture, music, literature, and points of interest to the major cities and tours throughout the state. Work on the Ohio Guide began in 1935 with the publication of several pamphlets and brochures. The Reorganization Act of 1939 consolidated the Works Progress Administration and other agencies into the Federal Works Administration, and the Federal Writers’ Project became the Federal Writers’ Project in Ohio. The final product was published in 1940 and went through several editions. The Ohio Guide Collection consists of 4,769 photographs collected for use in Ohio Guide and other publications of the Federal Writers’ Project in Ohio from 1935-1939. View on Ohio Memory.
Image ID: SA1039AV_B06F01_002_1
Subjects: Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891--History--Pictorial works; Domestic architecture; Houses; Lancaster (Ohio); Military Ohio
Places: Lancaster (Ohio); Fairfield County (Ohio)