: This T-shaped pipe is made of dark red catlinite (pipestone). The bowl is positioned at a right angle to the stem and is closer to one end than the other. Both the stem and the bowl are tubular, while the bottom of the stem is flat. The portion of the stem that extends beyond the bowl is octagonal and tapered, and one end of the stem is broken. This piece is from the Historic Period. The Historic Period in North America began in the late 1400s when Europeans wrote down accounts of their experiences in the New World. It did not begin in Ohio, however, until 1650 when French map makers first depicted the southern shore of Lake Erie on their maps. Although nearly two centuries had passed before Europeans arrived in the Ohio area, their presence on the east coast greatly affected the Indians of the interior. The Indians of the Historic Period used many European-made tools. Still, they did not immediately give up all their traditional crafts, such as chipping flint arrow points. View on Ohio Memory.
: A4346_004073 Subjects
: Indians of North America; Tobacco pipes; Places
: Elbow Pipe