: This small fragment from the rim of a Newtown Cordmarked vessel has a flattened lip that creates a very slight flare on both the interior and exterior surfaces. The sherd is predominantly light yellowish brown in color, although the lip and upper interior surface are gray. This piece comes from Late Woodland Culture. The Woodland Period, which includes the Adena, Hopewell, and Late Woodland cultures (1000 B.C.-1000 A.D.) is notable because the cultures experimented with agriculture, established more permanent settlements, made technological advances in hunting and food processing, and demonstrated increased complexity in social organization. In Ohio, elaborate burial mounds and earthworks, specialized craft products, and long distance trade are evidence of these cultural changes. By about A.D. 600, Late Woodland peoples lived in permanent villages. However, they may have traveled to remote camps to collect nuts in the fall or fish in the spring. Gradually the Late Woodland groups adopted some of the Mississippian ways of farming, arranging their villages, and making pottery. Some archaeologists believe that single Late Woodland groups were better able to support themselves and no longer needed to rely on vast trade networks for food and other goods. View on Ohio Memory.
: A3233_000588 Subjects
: Woodland culture; Pottery, Prehistoric; Places
: Newtown cordmarked ceramic rimsherd