: This large elbow pipe is squarish to round in cross-section, with one end at 90 degrees to the other. The openings at either end are nearly equal, with one being only slightly larger than the other. It is made of fine-grained sandstone or siltstone and comes from Hopewell Culture. In Ohio, the Hopewell Indians (100 B.C.-A.D. 500) built burial mounds and large earthen enclosures in geometric shapes (circles, squares, and octagons) to mark the places where the people gathered periodically to participate in many social and ceremonial events. Some of these sites were quite large - the Newark Earthworks complex extends over a 4-square-mile area. The Hopewell people also maintained a large trade network extending as far as the Rocky Mountains of Wyoming, the Florida coast and Appalachians, and northern Lake Superior. View on Ohio Memory.
: A1176_000122 Subjects
: Hopewell culture; Woodland culture; Mound-builders; Tobacco pipes Places
: Elbow Pipe