: This fragment from a large, thin-walled Reeve Opposed ceramic vessel has a flat rim with a single row of punctates (indentations) below the rim. It is decorated with wide, shallow incised lines that form a chevron design. Both faces of the fine grit-tempered vessel are a mix of colors, but the interior is predominantly dark grayish brown, while the exterior is predominantly strong brown. This piece is from Whittlesey Culture. Between A.D. 600 and 1200, Late Woodland cultures lived in much of northeastern Ohio. They grew corn and squash at their summer villages and spent the winter and spring seasons in small hunting or fishing camps. About A.D. 1150-1200, several factors changed the lifestyle of these Late Woodland groups. Among these were new ideas that spread from Fort Ancient people in southern Ohio, the introduction of beans as a crop, and a shift in climate that made farming more productive. The result was a new culture, known to us as Whittlesey. The Whittlesey Culture is named for Charles Whittlesey, a 19th century scientist who studied archaeological sites in northeastern Ohio. The people of the Whittlesey culture hunted, fished, farmed, and collected wild plant foods like other Late Prehistoric groups in Ohio. Bows and arrows were their primary hunting weapons. Whittlesey villages were small and were located near the coast of Lake Erie as well as in the uplands. They were occupied mainly during the summer months; winter and spring were spent in small hunting and fishing camps. After A. D. 1400, Whittlesey villages were larger, often fortified, and located in the uplands of major river valleys. The larger villages, with some houses up to 60-feet-long, were generally occupied year around. View on Ohio Memory.
: A3049_000001_006 Subjects
: Prehistoric peoples; Pottery, Prehistoric; Places
: Reeve Opposed Ceramic Rimsherd