: This rim fragment has a flat lip and comes from a grit-tempered ceramic vessel, which is roughly rectangular in shape. There is a 14 mm border of incised crosshatching, with a row of three complete and two partial punctates (indentations) that are roughly rectangular. The rim is very dark gray and the lower portion is reddish brown and light reddish brown in color. The interior surface is smooth with two roughly parallel incised lines. This piece comes from Hopewell Culture. In Ohio, the Hopewell Indians (100 B.C.-A.D. 500) built burial mounds and large earthen enclosures in geometric shapes (circles, squares, and octagons) to mark the places where the people gathered periodically to participate in many social and ceremonial events. Some of these sites were quite large - the Newark Earthworks complex extends over a 4-square-mile area. The Hopewell people also maintained a large trade network extending as far as the Rocky Mountains of Wyoming, the Florida coast and Appalachians, and northern Lake Superior. View on Ohio Memory.
: A1039_000076 Subjects
: Hopewell culture; Woodland culture; Mound-builders; Pottery, Prehistoric Places