: This circular, mottled brown sandstone earspool is incised with an overall chevron pattern on the obverse side. A sheet of copper covers the obverse and retains the chevron pattern of the stone underneath. There is a hole drilled through the center. The stone is light gray, reddish brown, and very dark gray; the copper is moderate green, greenish black, and light greenish gray.
This piece comes from Caddoan culture. Beginning around A.D. 1050, Caddoan culture emerged near the Red River between the Texas and Oklahoma border, as well as the Arkansas River Valley in the southern United States. Like many Woodland societies, the Caddo people built earthen mounds which functioned as burial internments or substructural bases. The Caddoans were farmers who grew cotton and dyed the threads to be woven into fabric. In the early 1800’s, as European settlers moved west, many Caddoan people were placed on reservations; today, most Caddo Indians live in Oklahoma. Caddoan culture is well known for a wide variety of social dances and songs, many of which are still practiced today. View on Ohio Memory.
: A3490_000254_020_B Subjects
: Mississippian culture; Mound-builders; Indian copperwork; Stone carving Places