: This pipe is an effigy of a seated frog, with front legs abstractly depicted in low relief at the front of the pipe. The toes are indicated by incised lines at the bottom front of the pipe. The tightly flexed back legs are represented in low relief, with toes engraved along the base or lowest edge of the pipe. The eyes are in low relief and darker in color than the surrounding stone, and the mouth is an incised line that extends downward. The bowl opening is in the upper back and the connecting stem opening is in the frog's lower back. Most of the body has been ground smooth, but some areas of the lower part of the effigy still show peck marks from the manufacturing process. The pipe is made of sandstone that is yellowish brown and brown in color. This piece comes from Fort Ancient Culture. The Fort Ancient people were a late prehistoric culture living in southern Ohio between 1,100 and 450 years ago. Fort Ancient people were Ohio's original farmers, growing crops of corn, beans, and squash, and thrived in southern Ohio and northern Kentucky. Villages were made up of a number of circular or rectangular houses surrounding an open plaza. The Fort Ancient people continued to build small burial mounds, but gradually shifted to burials in a cemetery area with no mounds. View on Ohio Memory.
: A0251_000080_1 Subjects
: Fort Ancient culture; Tobacco pipes; Effigies; Places
: Frog Effigy Pipe