: This small, dark greenish gray stone ax has a wide groove near the poll end that extends from the flat base, around the sides and top. The groove functioned to attach the ax head to a handle. The base is slightly convex and the opposite end tapers to a thin cutting edge. The surface of the igneous rock is polished, and a chip is missing from the poll end. This piece comes from the Archaic Period. The Archaic cultures in Ohio existed from about 6,000 B.C. to 1,000 B.C. Their economy was based primarily on hunting and gathering, but they did experiment with cultivating squash. Most Ohio sites are seasonal camps, created as the Indians moved due to the weather and the availability of food sources. Archaic peoples hunted smaller game than their Paleo-Indian predecessors, who pursued mastodons and giant beavers. The Archaic people hunted deer, elk, bear, rabbit, quail, and wild turkey. View on Ohio Memory.
: A0010_000123_1 Subjects
: Prehistoric peoples; Axes, Prehistoric; Places
: 3/4 Grooved Ax