: This portion of a deer antler has a shallow hole drilled into the base. The piece is curved, suggesting that it was not used as an arrow point, but as a flint chipping tool that was attached to a handle (with the handle fitting into the drilled hole). The antler is light yellowish brown in color and comes from the Late Woodland Period. Current research suggests that Early and Middle Woodland people moved from site to site as the seasons changed. Later on, the time spent in one place may have lengthened so the people could tend to their crops. By about A.D. 600, Late Woodland peoples lived in permanent villages. However, they may have traveled to remote camps to collect nuts in the fall or fish in the spring. The Late Woodland groups supported themselves to a great extent by raising crops. At first they grew large amounts of maygrass, goosefoot, and knotweed. By A.D. 1000, corn became important too. The Late Woodland people also hunted game using spears tipped with Chesser Notched or Jacks Reef points; they also developed the bow and arrow. It seems that Late Woodland groups lived in many parts of Ohio well past A.D. 1000. How these people interacted with each other and their environment is the subject of much current archaeological research. View on Ohio Memory.
: A0088_000683 Subjects
: Woodland culture; Mound-builders; Bone implements, Prehistoric; Places
: Antler Artifact