Description: The only state flag based on heraldry, its design is the banner of George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore adopted in 1904. The Maryland colony was founded by Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore. The black and gold portion was taken from the shield of the Calvert family coat of arms (his paternal line). The red and white cross bottony is the coat of arms of the Crossland family (his maternal line).
During the Civil War there was bitter debate over which of the two would be flown in battle. After the war the two motifs merged to alternate in quarters on a rectangular field.
Maker's mark indicates it was manufactured by the Dettras Flag Company. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: H65498_001 Subjects: Ceremonial artifact; Communication artifact; Textile--cotton; State Flags --Maryland; American Colonies; Civil War, 1939-1945; Places: Maryland; United States
Guidon of 1st Ohio Light Artillery, Battery H and ISave
Description: This flag is a silk guidon of 1st Ohio Light Artillery, Battery H and Battery I. The gold appliques of crossed cannons are an "I" above and an "H"e below against a red field. At one time it was likely a swallowtail shape but has since been torn.
Both Battery H and I mustered out of Cincinnati.
President McKinley, a fellow Ohioan, issued the first call for volunteers on April 23, 1898. They easily filled Ohio's initial quota of six infantry regiments and four batteries of light artillery. The term of enlistment for volunteer troops in 1898 was for two years or until discharged. President McKinley and many other political and military leaders were Civil War veterans. They did not want to repeat the confusion that resulted in 1861 when volunteers responding to the first call for troops from President Lincoln enlisted for only three months and had to reenlist when it became clear that the war would last much longer. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL02193 Subjects: Ceremonial artifact; Communication artifact; Military flags; Flags--Ohio, Spanish American War 1898; 1st Regiment, Battery H, Battery I, Ohio Volunteer Light Artillery; Statehouse--Ohio; Places: Cincinnati (Ohio); Hamilton County (Ohio)
Description: The flag in the photograph has thirteen cut-out appliqued stars in unique configuration [rows of 4-5-4]; This wool flag is badly frayed. This rectangular flag measures 58 by 125 cm.
Contrary to popular belief, thirteen stars is the most common configuration for American flags. This is due to their popularity among parades and naval vessels beginning around the U.S. Centennial and Civil War Era. As the nation moved toward secession the 13 colonies' spirit of independence served as a powerful rallying point among separatists.
Pre-1870s colonial flags are quite rare.
View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: H65483_001 Subjects: Ceremonial artifact; Communication artifact; Military flags; U.S. Centennial--1876; Textile--wool; World War (1939-1945); American Colonies
Description: Design of the Ohio state flag created by architect John Eisenmann in 1901. Prior to 1901, Ohio did not have an official flag. This particular design attracted the attention of Ohio's House of Representatives. In 1901, a bill was enacted and by May 9, 1902 the design was signed into law as the state flag. The swallow-tailed pennant is steeped with Ohio symbolism. Triangles formed by the main lines represent Ohio's hills and valleys, while the stripes represent Ohio's roads and waterways. The stars indicate the thirteen original states of the Union and are grouped around a circle or O, which symbolizes the Northwest Territory. The four stars on the other side of the O denote that Ohio was the fourth new state to enter the Union. Added together, the seventeen stars signify that Ohio was the seventeenth state in the Union. The white circle with its red center represents the initial letter of Ohio and suggests a buckeye, since Ohio is known as the "Buckeye State."
Text at top reads
"THE OHIO STATE FLAG
ARCHITECT & ENGINEER
FOR THE OHIO STATE COMMISSIONERS
TO THE PAN AMERICAN EXPOSITION" View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL02963 Subjects: Architects; Eisenmann, John (American architect, 1851-1924); History of the State of Ohio; Ohio--History; State flags (United States) Places: Ohio
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