Description: This photograph shows a view of residences in Logan, Ohio, during a severe flood in March 1907. More than 4 inches of rain had fallen across the southern third of Ohio during March 12-14, 1907, with the heaviest rain, 5 to 6 inches, in a band from Cincinnati eastward to Athens and Noble County. All rivers flowing southward into the Ohio River reached flood stage during March 14-17, 1907. The Hocking River swept over its banks, causing death and destruction on its way to the Ohio. Logan, Ohio, was one of the communities in its path. The houses in this photograph resemble little islands surrounded by water. The March 14 issue of the Logan Hocking County "Democrat-Sentinel" reported: "The water on the paved street of Gallagher avenue would swim a horse.... Men worked in the water to their arm-pits, rescuing the people from their homes." View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL05942 Subjects: Floods--Ohio; Natural disasters; Logan (Ohio); Hocking County (Ohio) Places: Logan (Ohio); Hocking County (Ohio)
Description: This 1967 photograph shows the remnants of Lock #12 of the Hocking Canal, located north of Nelsonville, Ohio, near U.S. Route 33. The Hocking Canal, built between 1829 and 1843, was a 56-mile-long canal that linked to the Ohio and Erie Canal at Carroll, Ohio. Stretching from Carroll to Athens, the Hocking Canal stimulated the growth of Lancaster, Logan, and Nelsonville, and opened the Hocking Valley to trade. Its major exports were salt, coal, and iron. Imports included goods from the East, such as cloth, shoes, and dishes. The advent of railroads in the 1850s meant the beginning of the end for canals. The Hocking Canal was abandoned in 1894.
The twelfth lock on the Hocking Canal was known as the "Sheep Pen Lock. Built as a guard lock, it was intended to permit slackwater navigation of the Hocking River by regulating water depths where river and canal met. Those plans were later abandoned, and the mechanism was converted to a lift lock, which raised and lowered boats as required by changes in the canal's elevation. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL06112 Subjects: Hocking Canal (Ohio); Canals--Ohio--History--19th century; Transportation--Ohio--History; Nelsonville (Ohio); Hocking County (Ohio); Ohio Economy--Transportation and Development Places: Nelsonville (Ohio); Hocking County (Ohio)
Description: Photograph taken in Hocking Hills State Park in Hocking County, Ohio; Back reads: "Old Mans Cave, State Park, Hocking Co."
In 1924, the state of Ohio purchased 146 acres in the Hocking Hills that became Hocking Hills State Park in 1949. Hocking Hills State Park is known for its geologic features of blackhand sandstone, including Old Man's Cave, Cedar Falls, and Rock House.
Old Man's Cave derives its name from Richard Rowe, a hermit who, according to local legend, lived at least briefly in the cave beginning in 1796.
It also appears that two brothers, Nathaniel and Pat Rayon, built a cabin in the area in 1795. Evidence exists that various groups occupied Old Man's Cave well before Rowe or the Rayon brothers arrived. Archaeologists have documented that American Indians visited the region perhaps as early as 7000 years ago.
View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: SA1039AV_B07F04_007_1 Subjects: Arts and Entertainment; Geography and Natural Resources; Rocks; Parks--Ohio--Pictorial works; Recreation Places: Old Mans Cave (Ohio); Hocking Hills State Park (Ohio); Hocking County (Ohio); South Logan (Ohio)
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