Fairfield School for Boys cafeteria photographSave
Description: Photograph showing boys eating at the Fairfield School for Boys near Lancaster, Ohio. Quoted from the historic marker outside the site, "As the nation's first and largest minimum security correctional facility, the Fairfield School for Boys (1857-1979) served over 100,000 Ohio juvenile offenders. The school was converted to an adult facility in 1980." View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL07038 Subjects: Prisons--Ohio; Schools--Ohio; Lancaster (Ohio) Places: Lancaster (Ohio); Fairfield County (Ohio)
Description: The monument on the left reads "This stone marks the grave of Charles R. Sherman who died at Lebanon in the State of Ohio June 24th 1829 in the 41st year of his age.
His wife's monument on the right reads" Mary Hoyt wife of Charles R Sherman born at Norwalk Connecticut Dec 28th AD 1787 died at Mansfield, Ohio Sept 28th A. D. 1852
Charles Robert Sherman was born in Norwalk, Connecticut on Sept 26, 1788 to Taylor and Elizabeth (Stoddard) Sherman. He attended Dartmouth College and then studied law with his father. In 1809, he was admitted to the bar and in 1810 he married Mary Hoyt. The couple then moved to Lancaster, Ohio where he set up private practice. In 1823, he became a judge of the Ohio Supreme Court, where he served until his death in 1829. He died in Lebonon on June 24 and was buried there. but his remains were later removed to Lancaster in Elmwood Cemetery.
Charles and Mary were the parents of eleven children. Among them were William Tecumseh Sherman of Civil War fame, John Sherman a renown statesman and Elizabeth, who was the wife of William J Reese, a Grand Master of Ohio View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: SA1039AV_B09F10_009 Subjects: Monuments--Ohio; Sherman, Charles Robert, 1788-1829; Sherman, Mary Hoyt, 1787-1852; Lancaster (Ohio)--History--Pictorial works; Ohio--History--Pictorial works; Federal Writers' Project Places: Lancaster (Ohio); Fairfield County (Ohio)
Description: This photograph depicts the Sherman House, birthplace of the brothers General William Tecumseh Sherman and statesman John Sherman. The home is a Registered National Landmark and is listed on the National Register of Historic Places. William Tecumseh Sherman (1820-1891) was born in Lancaster, Ohio. Orphaned at age nine, he was raised by Thomas Ewing, a U. S. senator who also served as secretary of the treasury and secretary of the interior. He graduated sixth in his class from the United States Military Academy at West Point and served in positions in the South, where he gained great knowledge of the Southern people and the geography of the region. Sherman served in the Mexican War, but left the army in 1853. At the outbreak of the Civil War, Sherman accepted a position as a colonel in the regular army. He became well known for his tactics of property damage and psychological warfare against the southern people, best illustrated by his march through Georgia. His goal was to convince the southern people to stop the war, and prevent more battle field deaths. Sherman is credited with the saying "War is hell." John Sherman (1823-1900) grew up in Lancaster, Ohio, one of eleven children of Ohio Supreme Court Justice Charles Sherman. In 1840, Sherman moved to Mansfield to live with his oldest brother, Charles Jr. He served in the U.S. House of Representatives and Senate, as secretary of the treasury, and secretary of state. He authored numerous pieces of legislation, though he is best remembered for the Sherman Anti-Trust Act. Sherman was considered for the Republican presidential ticket three times, but never gained his party's nomination. Critics claimed that he was a cool and distant man and that these personality traits cost him the presidency. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: Om3244_4401982_001 Subjects: Presidents and Politics; Military Ohio; Architecture; Civil War; Houses; National Register of Historic Places; Sherman, John, 1823-1900; Sherman, William T. (William Tecumseh), 1820-1891 Places: Lancaster (Ohio); Fairfield (Ohio)
Description: Elmwood Cemetery is located on the east side of Mount Pleasant Avenue, three blocks from Main Street. It is in Lancaster, Berne Township, Richland County, Ohio.
Established in 1838, Elmwood Cemetery is one of the oldest and most historical cemeteries in Lancaster.
It is the burial place of several famous people: Henry Giesy, a Civil War General, Joseph and Dorothy Hunter, the first white settlers in Lancaster, Charles Sherman, father of William T Sherman, Darius Tallmadge, the "Stagecoach King", Frances Stanberry, Scott James, a Civil War soldier and Lancaster's first black officer, and Zane, the first postman in the United States.
This well maintained cemetery contains many interesting old gravestones, many with detailed carvings. It is thought by some to be haunted. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: SA1039AV_B09F10_011 Subjects: Cemeteries. Places: Lancaster (Ohio); Fairfield County (Ohio)
Description: Inscription in photograph reads: "William Medill. Died Sep. 2 1865. Aged 63 years."
Inscription on the back of the monument reads: "William Medill, born New Castle County Del. AD. 1802. Removed to Ohio and commenced practice of law in Lancaster, 1830. During a long and honorable life, he was widely known as a distinguished citizen and able statesman, having held the important public trusts of Member of the Legislature, Speaker of the House, Delegate to the Constitutional Convention of 1850, and President of that body, Lieut. Gov. Speaker of the Senate and Governor of the State, Four years in Congress, Assistant Post Mas. General, Commissioner of Indian Affairs, and Comptroller of U.S. Treasury, all of which were administered with signal success. In private life he was kind, courteous and honorable while the purity of his public character was illustrated by preeminent ability, strict integrity, and devotion to the public good."
William Medill's monument, in the shape of an obelisk, is located in Elmwood Cemetery in Lancaster. Medill was a dedicated public servant and held the following posts during his illustrious career:
Member of the Ohio Legislature from 1835 - 1838;
Democrat for Ohio's 9th District in the United States House of Representatives from 1839 -1843;
Assistant Post Master General of Ohio in 1845;
Commissioner of Indian Affairs from 1845 - 1850, under President James K. Polk;
Delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1850;
President of the Ohio State Constitutional Convention in 1850;
Lieutenant Governor of Ohio in 1852, under Governor Reuben Wood;
Acting Governor of Ohio, serving a six months beginning on July 13, 1853 when Wood resigned to become the U.S. Consulate to Chile;
Governor of Ohio (22nd) from 1853 - 1856;
First Comptroller of the United States Treasury in 1857 - 1861;
and other posts as mentioned in the inscription above.
William Medill was born in New Castle, PA in Feb 1802 to William and Isabella Medill. His parents were Irish immigrants and owned their own farm. William worked his way through Newark Academy, which later became the University of Delaware. After graduating, he studied law and was admitted to the Delaware bar in 1830. He then moved to Lancaster, Ohio and was admitted to the Ohio bar in 1832. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: SA1039AV_B09F10_019 Subjects: Monuments--Ohio; Obelisks; Governors--Ohio; Ohio. House of Representatives; United States. Postmaster General; United States. First Comptroller of the Treasury; Medill, William, 1802-1865 Places: Lancaster (Ohio); Fairfield County (Ohio)
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