Description: General Rufus Putnam created this map of Ohio in 1804, one year after Ohio became a state. He made the map, one of the first maps of the state, while serving as general surveyor of the United States. It measures 14.5 by 18.75 inches (36.83 by 47.62 cm) and shows the boundary between Ohio and American Indian lands, marking several forts in the Northwest Territory, including Fort Defiance, Fort Wayne, and Fort Recovery.
Rufus Putnam (1738-1824), a Massachusetts native, rose to prominence as a Revolutionary War officer and founder of the Ohio Company. As superintendent of the company, Putnam oversaw the construction of the stockade Campus Martius and laid out a plan for the town of Marietta. He served as a member of the Ohio Territorial Legislature in 1801, a representative from Washington County at the first Ohio constitutional convention, and a trustee of Ohio University. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: Om1364_1160640_001 Subjects: Geography and Natural Resources; Military Ohio; Forts & fortifications; Maps; Putnam, Rufus, 1738-1824 Places: Marietta (Ohio); Washington County (Ohio); Ohio
Description: A map of Ohio Indian village sites and trails, done by H.C. Shetrone and R.B. Sherman of the Ohio Historical Society. Also included on the map are American and European posts, the Greenville Treaty line, and notations for whether an Indian town was associated with the Delaware, Wyandot, Shawnee or Miami tribe. A chronology printed on either side of the map covers Ohio's history and settlement, as well as interactions between American Indians and settlers, from 1669 until 1842. Shetrone was Curator of Archaeology for the Ohio Historical Society between 1921 and 1928 and served as the Society's director from 1928 until 1947. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: MAP_VFM0477_4 Subjects: American Indians in Ohio; Maps--Ohio; Map drawing; American Indian history and society; American Indians--Maps; Treaty of Green Ville (1795); Places: Ohio
New Harmony, Indiana and Harmony, Pennsylvania mapsSave
Description: This is a photographic reproduction of a handdrawn map of New Harmony, Indiana on the front, and Harmony, Pennsylvania on the reverse. Drawn by Eusebius Bohm ca. 1825, the maps include streets, buildings, a river, and notations written in German. The Harmony Society was a Lutheran, German separatist group from Wurttemberg which first settled in Butler County, Pennsylvania, in 1804, led by pietist Johann Georg Rapp. but then moved to Posey County, Indiana, and finally established a permanent settlement in Economy, Pennsylvania in 1824. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: OVS0750_1 Subjects: Maps; Religious societies; Communal Societies; Religion in Ohio; Separatists Places: New Harmony (Indiana); Harmony (Pennsylvania)
'Map of the Seat of War in North America' printSave
Description: This image is a reproduction of a military map created by cartographer John Melish and included in his "Military and Topographical Atlas of the United States Including the British Possessions and Florida" (published in 1813 and 1815). The visual components of Melish's atlas depict areas affected by the War of 1812, and the text vividly describes their geography.
"Map of the Seat of War in North America" accompanies the atlas' first chapter, "Description of the Seat of War in North America." The map includes four of the Great Lakes in their entirety (only the tip of Lake Superior is represented); the St. Lawrence River and the Gulf of St. Lawrence; the Atlantic Ocean to the edge of Newfoundland and the tip of Delaware; "Upper" and "Lower Canada;" all or part of fifteen states (including Ohio); Michigan Territory; and the eastern edges of Illinois Territory and Indiana Territory. The map shows the mileage between cities, towns, and settlements. It also includes a table of population. Its dimensions are 21.5 x 15.5 inches.
John Melish (1771-1822) was born in Scotland and apprenticed to a cotton maker. His job brought him to America at various times, and he settled permanently in Philadelphia in 1811. He wrote extensively of his travels in America during the early 19th century and became one of his adopted country's best cartographers during this period. His most famous map, published in 1816, depicted the United States from coast to coast.
View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL06940 Subjects: Maps--United States; Historical map; Canada--Maps; Map drawing; Melish, John, 1771-1822
Description: Caption: Chickamauga Battlefield sketched by J.G. McElroy of the Ohio Commission, Late Captain 18th Ohio Infantry 1895.
The Great Seal of the State of Ohio lies below.
Made in 1895, this map includes Ohio monuments and tablet markers in relation to strategic movements of the Confederate and Union forces on September 18 and 19, 1863.
The battle pitted the Union's Army of the Cumberland, commanded by General William Rosecrans of Ohio, against the Confederate's Army of Tennessee, commanded by General Braxton Bragg. The Northern army numbered approximately sixty thousand men, while the Confederates had forty-three thousand soldiers.
Major General William S. Rosecrans from Delaware County, Ohio commanded the Army of the Cumberland. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: Chikamauga_ALConsWOH4261-9 Subjects: Maps--Topography; Pictorial maps; Maps--Midwest--Ohio; Civil War 1861-1865; Historical Marker; Places: Chickamauga (Georgia); Delaware County (Ohio)
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