Description: People posing in front of a steam threshing machine and a water wagon. Based on the photograph description the machine belonged to "The Leader" line of steam machines. Leader equipment was produced by The Marion Manufacturing Company, one of the two early steam engine companies based in Marion, Ohio, in the 1880s. Photograph by Harry Evan Kinley (1882-1969), a native of Upper Sandusky. Kinley was active in local events and organizations, and spent his professional career as a clerk at his father's department store, and later as a travelling salesman for the Marion Paper & Supply Company (1934-1962). He was also an avid lifelong photographer, and the bulk of the Harry Kinley Collection is comprised of glass plate negatives documenting the Kinley family, the city of Upper Sandusky and Wyandot County and surrounding areas.
View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL07787 Subjects: Ohio Economy--Agriculture; Ohio Economy--Science and Technology; Machinery industry--Ohio; Marion (Ohio); Farm equipment; Farming; Places: Wyandot County (Ohio)
Description: Photomechanical reproduction of a stereograph depicting two workers building a rubber tire for an automobile at a factory in Akron, Ohio. The original stereograph was published by the Keystone View Company, and the reproduction was made by Stereo Classic Studios. Numerous rubber companies operated in or near Akron during the late 19th Century, leading the city to be known as the "Rubber Capital of the World." Among the large-scale rubber producers to have factories in the area were the B.F. Goodrich Company, the Goodyear Tire and Rubber Company, and the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company. The advent of the bicycle and the automobile led to great success for companies in the rubber industry. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL02736 Subjects: Rubber industry workers--Ohio; Ohio Economy--Economy--Business; Ohio Economy--Economy--Labor; Manufacturing industries--Ohio Places: Akron (Ohio); Summit County (Ohio)
Description: This photograph is a reproduction of an original, probably taken ca. 1881-1885, which shows boats on the Columbus Feeder Canal right before its terminus at the Scioto River near West Main Street, formerly Friend Street. The Columbus Feeder linked Columbus with the Ohio Erie Canal at Lockbourne.The two businesses pictured in the background are C. Harris & Co. Dealers in Coal and the Jackson-Guldan Violin Company. The Ohio History Connection's copy of this photograph is from the collection of Pearl S. Nye who was a boat captain on the Ohio and Erie Canal.
According to a note on the photograph's reverse, the boat in the foreground, the Wave, was run by Adam Harman. The boat behind the Wave is the Friedley, which was owned by Captain John Hayes. Nye wrote "Wave" on the negative, faintly visible on the right side.
The Ohio and Erie Canal was one of Ohio's most important canals during the mid nineteenth century. During the late 1810s, Governor Thomas Worthington and Governor Ethan Allen Brown both supported internal improvements, especially canals. Both men believed that Ohioans needed quick and easy access to the Ohio River and to Lake Erie if they were to profit financially. In 1820, Brown convinced the Ohio legislature to establish the Ohio Canal Commission. Construction began in 1825, and the canal was completed in 1833. Once completed, thirty-three of Ohio's eighty-eight counties either had portions of canals running through them or quarries to mine rock for construction. Most canals remained in operation in Ohio until the late 1800s. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL07033 Subjects: Ohio Economy--Transportation and Development; Canals; Ohio and Erie Canal (Ohio); Ohio Economy--Transportation and Development Places: Columbus (Ohio); Franklin County (Ohio)
Description: This image shows the Erie Canal in Waverly, Pike County, Ohio. The Ohio and Erie Canal, built between 1825 and 1832, had a significant influence on Ohio's economy. In the early 19th century Ohio was largely rural and dependent on subsistence agriculture as the primary business. The canal, which cost nearly $8,000,000 to construct, provided a transportation route from Cleveland on Lake Erie to Portsmouth on the Ohio River. Ohio farmers were encouraged to increase production and ship surplus produce to more profitable markets. Industry became more prominent as manufacturers produced building supplies for the canals and shipped products via the canal. As an internal improvement, the Ohio and Erie Canal expanded the economy, increased the population, and ended the feeling of isolation in Ohio. The canal continued south from here for about a mile until it met Water Street, now Emmitt Avenue, and ran along Water Street through Waverly. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL06124 Subjects: Canals--1830-1840; Agriculture--Economic aspects; Ohio Economy--Transportation and Development Places: Waverly (Ohio); Pike County (Ohio)
Description: Print depicting Robert Fulton's steamboat the Clermont, ca. 1807. From "Tales from Ohio History for Home and School," by William Henry Venable. The Clermont was the first commercially and economically-viable steamboat design. On August 17, 1807, it traveled up the Hudson River from New York City to Albany, New York, in a time of thirty-two hours--roughly a quarter of the previous time of the trip by sail. It took only a few weeks for the Clermont to take off as a successful commercial shipping option at seven dollars round trip between the two cities.
Fulton continued to make improvements in steam-powered ships. He constructed the first steamboat to travel on the Ohio River, the New Orleans, ca. 1810. His research dramatically altered life for Ohioans and for all Americans. Thanks to Fulton's improvements of the steamboat, Ohioans now had quick access to the Gulf of Mexico by sailing down the Ohio River to the Mississippi. This helped move Ohio from a strictly subsistence economy to a much more commercial one. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL03969 Subjects: Steamboats; Ohio Economy--Transportation and Development; Rivers--Ohio Places: Ohio River
Description: Watercolor of a round barn and silo by Ralph Fanning, ca. 1945-1955. Artist and art historian Ralph Fanning was born on Long Island in 1889. A Quaker, Fanning served in France in compassionate non-military service during World War I. In the 1920s, he joined the Ohio State University Art Department, becoming a full professor in 1924. Fanning was a skilled artist, especially talented at depicting bridges and buildings. He sketched and painted numerous buildings in Columbus and throughout Ohio. In 1950, Fanning became ill and was later diagnosed with Parkinson's disease. The disease affected his work, but he continued to paint and sketch. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL04158 Subjects: Barns; Ohio Economy--Agriculture; Cultural Ohio--Art and Artists; Ohio State University--History Places: Columbus (Ohio); Franklin County (Ohio)
Description: Women factory workers during World War II, 1941-1945. After the United States entered World War II, there was a labor shortage due to the departure of men who enlisted or were drafted into the armed forces. To fill the gap, more than 6 million women became war workers. Those who were involved in the production of military hardware became Women Ordnance Workers, or W.O.W.s. Spurred on by higher wages and a propaganda poster featuring a muscle-bound "Rosie the Riveter" exclaiming "We Can Do It!" millions of American women helped assemble bombs, build tanks, weld hulls, and grease locomotives. Most were married, 60 percent were over 35, and a third had children under 14. On average, women war workers were paid only 60 percent of what men performing the same work were paid. The government insisted that "Rosie the Riveter" was a temporary response to war. "A woman is a substitute" claimed a War Department brochure, "like plastic instead of metal." Indeed, many women lost their high-paying positions after the war. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL00102 Subjects: Manufacturing industries--Ohio; Ohio Economy--Economy--Labor; Ohio Women; World War II Places: Cleveland (Ohio); Cuyahoga County (Ohio)
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