Description: Digital print of the first page of the 1802 Ohio Constitution.
In November 1802, thirty-five delegates of the Ohio Constitutional Convention convened to draft a state constitution. In order for Ohio to become a state, representatives of the territory had to submit a constitution to the United States Congress for approval. This was the final requirement under the Northwest Ordinance that Ohio had to meet before becoming a state.
Twenty six of the delegates favored the platform of the Democratic-Republican Party. Among these men was Edward Tiffin, the president of the convention. Democratic-Republicans favored a small government with limited powers, in which the legislative branch should hold the few powers that the government actually possessed. Seven delegates to the convention were Federalists. Federalists believed in a much stronger government. The remaining two delegates were independents. Since the Democratic-Republicans controlled the convention, Ohio's first state constitution established a relatively weak government with the legislative branch holding most of the power. The convention approved the Constitution on November 29, 1802, and adjourned, and Ohio's Constitution of 1803 remained in effect until the Ohio Constitutional Convention of 1851 adopted a new one. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL02729 Subjects: Ohio History--State and Local Government; Constitutions; Ohio Government; Ohio History; Ohio History--State and Local Government Places: Chillicothe (Ohio); Ross County (Ohio)
Description: Caption reads "City Hall Tower and Clock. Taken from Eighth and Plum"
Located 801 Plum St., City Hall occupies the entire block from 8th to 9th Sts, and from Plum St to Central Ave. A smaller building housed city council on the same site from 1852. Hannaford's Romanesque revival was dedicated May 13, 1893. Large stained glass windows by the New York firm Pottier Stymus & Co. depict the benevolent dictator Cincinnatus, the trials of early settlers, and Cincinnati as the Queen City of Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's "Catawba Wine".
Samuel Hannaford and Sons remains the most prolific and widely-studied Cincinnati architectural firm; a company register from the 1930s lists 1000 buildings completed, and Hannaford family members were active from 1857 to the post-WWII period. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: SA1039AV_B02F14_041_1 Subjects: Architecture--Ohio; Government buildings; Ohio Government; ; Cincinnati--Buildings, structures, etc.; Hannaford, Samuel, 1835-1911 Places: Cincinnati (Ohio); Hamilton County (Ohio)
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