Description: This engraved images is a portrait of General Francis Bates Pond (1825-1883), a Republican state legislator and Ohio attorney general.
Pond was born in Jefferson County, New York, and came to Ohio in 1841 to attend Oberlin College. He graduated with honors in 1846 and spent the next three years in Kent, Ohio, working as a teacher and a bookkeeper. In 1850 he moved to Harmar, Ohio, and taught classics at Harmar Academy. He studied law and was admitted to the bar 1852 at Malta, Ohio. Three years later was elected prosecuting attorney of Morgan County. In 1861 he enlisted in the Ohio Volunteer Infantry. In 1864 he was promoted to lieutenant colonel with the newly formed 62nd Ohio Volunteer Infantry. In August 1864 he was wounded at the Battle of Deep River and lost vision in one eye. He resigned his commission in November 1864 due to ill health. He was made brigadier general by brevet in 1864.
After returning to Ohio, Pond resumed his law practice and political career. In 1867 he was elected to the Ohio House of Representatives, where he served one term. In 1869 he was elected Ohio’s attorney general and served two terms. He was a member of the state constitutional convention of 1873. In 1879 Pond was elected to the Ohio Senate and served two terms. While a state senator he introduced the so-called "Pond Bill," which created a tax on intoxicating liquors in order to restrict buying and selling of the products.
Pond died November 2, 1883, at his home in Malta, Ohio. His death was linked to the wound he received during the Civil War.
View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL05988 Subjects: Ohio History--Presidents and Politics; Ohio History--State and Local Government; Republican Party; Lawyers
Description: Photograph showing Congressman Gilligan with Vice President Hubert H. Humphrey. The photograph includes an autograph.
John Gilligan was born on March 22, 1921, in Cincinnati, Ohio. He completed his undergraduate degree at the University of Notre Dame in 1943, and he then enlisted in the United States Navy, serving for the duration of World War II. Upon returning to the United States, Gilligan enrolled at the University of Cincinnati, graduating in 1947.
Upon graduating from the University of Cincinnati, Gilligan taught literature courses at Xavier University. In 1953, he embarked upon a career in politics, winning election to the Cincinnati City Council as a member of the Democratic Party. Gilligan served on the council from 1953 to 1963. In 1964, Gilligan won election to the United States House of Representatives, representing Ohio's 1st District. He only served one term (1965-1967). He lost his reelection bid because the Republican-controlled state legislature redrew his district, placing a much larger number of Republicans in it. In 1968, Gilligan unsuccessfully ran for the United States Senate.
Undaunted after these two defeats, Gilligan remained active in politics, winning election to the Ohio governor's office in 1970. During Gilligan's administration, Ohio adopted a graduated state income tax to overcome budget shortfalls. Gilligan also saw the implementation of the state lottery during his time in office, although he opposed this measure. In 1973, the state legislature and the governor concurred to lower the voting age to eighteen years, and Gilligan also secured funding to improve Ohio's transportation infrastructure. The governor sought reelection in 1974, but he lost to former governor James Rhodes.
Upon leaving the governor's office, Gilligan served as the director of the United States Agency for International Development from 1977 to 1979. He also taught at several universities, including the University of Notre Dame. In 1999, he returned to politics, winning election to the Cincinnati, Ohio, School Board. Interestingly, Gilligan's daughter, Kathleen Sebelius, serves as the governor of Kansas. Gilligan and Sebelius are the only father and daughter to be elected as state governors. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL08023 Subjects: Governors; Politicians; Ohio History--Presidents and Politics; Ohio History--State and Local Government; Gilligan, John Joyce, 1921-;
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