Description: Henry George was a journalist, writer, and political economist in the United States in the nineteenth century. He was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on September 2, 1839. In 1879, George published his most famous work, "Progress and Poverty." In this book, George investigated the reasons for economic downturns and poverty and came to advocate the "single tax," where those who owned land would pay a fee for the privilege. This fee would take the place of taxes owed by workers and pay for the cost of government. This idea was seen favorable by notable Ohioans Tom L. Johnson, reform mayor of Cleveland, and Samuel "Golden Rule" Jones, mayor of Toledo. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL04065 Subjects: Ohio--Politics and government; Ohio History--State and Local Government--Law; Ohio Economy; Portrait photography Places: Philadelphia (Pennsylvania)
Description: Rev. Henry C. McCook, carte-de-visite, 1837-1911, son of John McCook. Henry McCook was one of the members of the family known as the "Fighting McCook's" with 17 members serving on the Union side of the American Civil War. He was a Presbyterian minister and served as Chaplain with the rank of First Lieutenant. After the war, he returned to the ministry, was a naturalise and an auther on religion, history and nature. He was born on Junl 3, 1837 in Lisbon, Ohio and died on October 31, 1911 in Philadelphia. He was buried in Woodlands Cemetery in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL08426 Subjects: Ohio History--Military Ohio; McCook family; Ohio--History--Civil War, 1861-1865 Places: Philadelphia (Pennsylvania)
Description: Tray elevator made by the Jeffrey Manufacturing Company of Columbus, Ohio and used by the Curtis Publishing Company, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1921. Tray elevators are miniature platform elevators that constantly move up and down through hatchways or floor openings. They are used primarily to move boxes, barrels and bags between floors of warehouses and storage buildings. In this photograph, rolls of paper are being moved from floor to floor. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL01421 Subjects: Conveying machinery; Ohio Economy--Economy--Business Places: Philadelphia (Pennsylvania)
Description: Reverse reads:"Theo E. Dotts 939 Logan Street New Phila. Ohio. Horseshoe curve scene on Route 39 1 1/2 miles north of Roswell O. Tus. Co." Picture depicts a road forming a horseshoe. Bare trees line the road. A small house is at the base of a hill.
New Philadelphia is the county seat of Tuscarawas County, Ohio. John Knisely established the community in 1804. Residents named the town after Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Once formed in 1804, New Philadelphia grew quickly, having over one thousand residents in 1846. One of the principal reasons for this quick growth was New Philadelphia's location on the Ohio and Erie Canal, making the community an important trading center. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: SA1039AV_B14F01_029_001 Subjects: New Philadelphia (Ohio)--Buildings, structures, etc.--Pictorial works.; New Philadelphia (Ohio)--History--Pictorial works Places: New Philadelphia (Ohio); Tuscarawas County (Ohio)
Description: This photograph shows a street scene of William Harrison's inauguration. William Henry Harrison was an American political and military leader and the ninth President of the United States. He was born in Charles County, Virginia, on February 9, 1773. He attended and graduated from Hampden-Sydney College and, at his father's insistence, studied medicine from 1790 to 1791 at the University of Pennsylvania in Philadelphia. Upon his father's death in 1791, Harrison immediately joined the United States Army. Harrison continued to serve in the military until 1798, when he resigned and accepted a new position as the Secretary of the Northwest Territory. He held this position until 1799. Because of Harrison's excellent political skills, President John Adams selected him to be the governor of the Indiana Territory on May 12, 1800. The Indiana Territory included modern-day Indiana, Illinois, Wisconsin, and Michigan. He held this office until 1813.
In 1812, the War of 1812 began between the United States and Great Britain. President James Madison promoted Harrison to the rank of brigadier-general and put him in command of the Army of the Northwest. In October 1813, Harrison led the Army of the Northwest against a combined British and Native American force led by General Henry Proctor and Tecumseh. Known as the Battle of the Thames, the United States emerged victorious. The British ran from the battlefield, leaving the Native Americans to fight on alone. The Americans defeated the Native Americans, killing Tecumseh.
Following the War of 1812, Harrison returned to politics. He made his home at North Bend just west of Cincinnati, Ohio. He represented Ohio in the United States Congress for two terms. He also served as the United States ambassador to Colombia in 1828 and 1829.
In 1836, he ran as a member of the Whig Party against Democrat Martin Van Buren for the Presidency of the United States. Van Buren, Vice President under Andrew Jackson, won the election. In 1840, Harrison ran against the incumbent. He emphasized his military record against Tecumseh and the British in the War of 1812 with John Tyler of Virginia as his running mate. His campaign slogan was "Tippecanoe and Tyler, Too."
The sixty-eight-year-old Harrison was inaugurated into office on March 4, 1841, on a cold, overcast day. His speech was one of the longest inauguration speeches in presidential history at 8,445 words. He served the shortest time in office of any man elected to the presidency. He died from pneumonia on April 4, 1841, one month after taking office. John Tyler was his Vice president and successor. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL07698 Subjects: Harrison, William Henry, 1773-1841; Presidents--Inauguration--United States; Politicians Places: Washington (D.C.)
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