Description: Illustration showing the Medical College of Ohio, 1835. Daniel Drake founded the Medical College of Ohio in 1819 in Cincinnati. Prior to the Medical College's establishment, most doctors learned their vocation through an apprenticeship system. Drake hoped to bring some of the finest doctors in the United States to Cincinnati to provide students with multiple perspectives on the practice of medicine. He also hoped that a diverse faculty would encourage discussion of medical practices and improve patient care. In 1896, the Medical College of Ohio merged with the University of Cincinnati, and later changed its name to the College of Medicine of the University of Cincinnati. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL04141 Subjects: Other--Health Care; Medicine--History; Education--Ohio; Physicians--19th century--Ohio; Cincinnati (Ohio)--History Places: Cincinnati (Ohio); Hamilton County (Ohio);
Description: This photograph is a formal portrait of Van S. Deaton, M.D., who represented Miami County in the Ohio General Assembly House of Representatives for eight years, beginning in 1894. In this image Deaton, who appears to be in his sixties, has white hair and a bushy mustache. He wears a pin in this left lapel.
Van. S. Deaton (1847-1828) was born in Champaign County, Ohio. When he was nine years old, his parents died, and he went to live with an uncle. At age 17 he enlisted in the Sixteenth Ohio Light Artillery in 1864 and served until June 1865. He returned to the Normal School in Lebanon, Ohio, to finish his education and then attended Cincinnati College of Medicine and Surgery, from which he graduated in 1873. In addition to practicing medicine, Deaton also was elected to the state legislature and held other public offices. He died in 1928 and is buried in Riverside Cemetery, Troy, Ohio. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL07020 Subjects: Legislators--Ohio; Physicians--Ohio; Ohio History--State and Local Government; Politicians; Ohio General Assembly House of Representatives; Politicians; Veterans; Miami County (Ohio) Places: Troy (Ohio); Miami County (Ohio)
Description: Portrait of Miriam Kerruish Stage of Cleveland, Ohio. Stage (1870-1929) was included on the "Ohio State Honor Roll" from the League of Women Voters of Ohio, ca. 1930, which listed prominent Ohio women involved in the suffrage movement. Her brief biography from the Honor Roll reads: "Miriam Kerruish Stage (Mrs. C. W.) graduated from Smith College, became a doctor, and practiced until her marriage. As a member of a family of liberals, she naturally identified herself with all liberal movements in Cleveland, including the suffrage cause. She co-operated with Mrs. Stockwell in the difficult task of interviewing candidates for public office. She was president of the Board of the Woman's Hospital. Mrs. Stage was impatient of discriminations against women in all fields."
This photograph comes from the League of Women Voters of Ohio Collection. The League of Women Voters was first formed at the national level in early 1920 by Carrie Chapman Catt, President of the National Woman Suffrage Association. Soon, additional leagues began to form at the state and local level, with the League of Women Voters of Ohio being organized in May 1920 in Columbus. The League was first formed to empower women to use their newfound right to vote, and today its primary purpose remains citizen education. To this goal, it supports voter registration efforts, provides information on candidates and issues, sponsors debates and offers publications on public policy and voter engagement topics. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: MSS354_B10_LWVO_MiriamKerruishStage Subjects: Women--Suffrage; Social movements; League of Women Voters of Ohio; Suffragists; Activism; Medicine -- History; Physicians--Ohio; Places: Cleveland (Ohio); Cuyahoga County (Ohio)
Bacon Building at the Academy of Medicine illustrationSave
Description: This illustration depicts the Bacon Building at the Academy of Medicine, which was founded on the northwest corner of Walnut and Sixth Streets in Cincinnati. The illustration appears in "The Cincinnati Journal of Medicine, Centennial Issue," published in 1957.
Cincinnati physicians established the Academy of Medicine in 1857. It served primarily as a social and educational club for local physicians. Members met together to share knowledge, to establish standards for medical education, and to debate medical treatments for various illnesses affecting the community. The Academy of Medicine has continually operated since the 1850s. In 2003, the organization provided local residents with a physician's referral service, public lecturers, and health information telephone line. The Academy of Science, which originally only allowed men to join, eventually formed a women's auxiliary. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL04205 Subjects: Education--Ohio; Medicine; Other--Health Care; Physicians--19th century--Ohio Places: Cincinnati (Ohio); Hamilton County (Ohio)
Description: This engraving is an oval portrait of James Henry Salisbury, M.D. (1823-1905), a physician who specialized in the study and treatment of infectious diseases. Salisbury has wavy hair and a substantial beard. The subject's signature is located at the bottom center of the white border. The engraver's name and location are printed underneath the image ("Samuel Sartain, Phila.").
Salisbury was born in Scott, New York, on January 12, 1823. He graduated from Albany Medical College in 1850 and practiced his medical specialty in New York and later in Cleveland, Ohio. A pioneer in the germ theory of disease, he became very interested in the relationship between diet and illness. He experimented with diets, using himself and other healthy individuals as subjects. He served as a physician during the American Civil War and treated soldiers suffering from intestinal ailments with a diet of coffee and minced beef patties thereafter known as "Salisbury steak."
In 1864 Salisbury moved to Cleveland, where he helped establish the Charity Hospital Medical College. He was the author of many books and articles; among his best-known works is "The Relation of Alimentation and Disease" (1888).
Between 1858 and 1861, Salisbury and his older brother, Charles Babock Salisbury, researched the earthworks and mounds of the Ohio Valley. In 1862-63 the brothers presented the American Antiquarian Society with their findings (charts, maps, sketches).
James Salisbury died in Dobbs Ferry, New York, on September 23, 1905 and was buried in Cleveland, Ohio.
View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL05886 Subjects: Salisbury, James Henry, 1823-1905; Ohio History--State and Local Government--Health Care; Physicians--19th century--Ohio; Nutrition
Description: Located at 304 Woodlawn Avenue, this sandstone home was originally the 1-story residence of Dr. Increase Mathews, the first physician in Muskingum County, who built it for his bride in 1804. In 1846 the property passed to his heirs, who added a second story and attic to the 3 foot stone walls and again expanded in 1884.
Late in 1936, when the old home was purchased by William H. Adams, it was modernized and redecorated, but the six fireplaces were retained. In 1970 it was given to the Pioneer and Historical Society by Mrs. F.F. (Dorothea Guthrie) Frazier. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: SA1039AV_B01F06_033_001 Subjects: Architecture; Zanesville (Ohio)--Buildings, structures, etc.--Pictorial works; Physicians--Ohio Places: Zanesville (Ohio); Muskingum County (Ohio)
Description: Photograph of Dr. Arthur K. Lawrence in the rear room of his three-room office at 681 East Long Street in the Williams Building, Columbus, Ohio. He is surrounded by medical equipment.
Arthur Kelton Lawrence (1877-1954) was the son of Thomas Lawrence and Martha Hartway Lawrence. Martha escaped from slavery and was taken in by the Kelton family in Columbus, who also employed Thomas. The two were married in 1864. Lawrence served as a hospital steward in the 9th Battalion of the Ohio Volunteer Infantry during the Spanish American War. After the war, Lawrence became a doctor and established a medical practice in Columbus. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: Om1277_781359_114 Subjects: African American Ohioans; Physicians; Columbus (Ohio)--History--20th century; Medicine -- History; Places: Columbus (Ohio); Franklin County (Ohio)
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