Description: This image shows the graves at the Warren G. Harding Memorial in Marion, Ohio.
Warren G. Harding was the 29th President of the United States. For the most part, Harding proved to be a poor manager of the federal government. He delegated authority to his cabinet officials. These men became known as the "Ohio Gang." Unfortunately for Harding and the country, many of these men proved to be unscrupulous, causing a great deal of distrust among the American people for their government officials. It is unclear, however, how much Harding knew of his subordinates' actions. Perhaps, the worst scandal of Harding's administration was the Teapot Dome Scandal. Secretary of the Interior Albert B. Fall rented government lands to oil companies in return for personal loans. Fall was found guilty of this illegal action and was sentenced to prison in 1931. Adding to the corruption, Thomas Miller, chairman of the Office of Alien Property, accepted bribes, and Charles Forbes, the head of the Bureau of Veterans' Affairs, embezzled funds. At this same time, it became known that Harding commonly drank alcohol in the White House, although this was a direct violation of Prohibition. The American people also began to hear rumors of extramarital affairs that Harding engaged in, including one with a friend's wife, Carrie Fulton Phillips, and another with neighbor Nan Britton. Britton claimed after Harding's death to have conceived a daughter with Harding while he was a senator. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL06518 Subjects: Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923; President; Ohio History--Presidents and Politics; Presidents--Death and burial Places: Marion (Ohio); Marion County (Ohio)
Description: The completed tomb of President William McKinley in Canton, Ohio. William McKinley, Jr. was president of the United States from March, 1897 to September, 1901. McKinley was born in Niles, Ohio, but he spent much of his life in Canton, Ohio. Elected to two terms as president, McKinley's second term began as a celebration of the United States' victory in the Spanish-American War. Economic prosperity also seemed to have returned, following the Panic of 1893. The United States was involved in the Philippino Insurrection, as the nation tried to solidify its control over the Philippine Islands, but most Americans remained unconcerned with this conflict. To celebrate these accomplishments, McKinley embarked on a cross-country tour during the summer of 1901. Before returning to Washington, DC, McKinley stopped at Buffalo, New York, to give a speech at the Pan American Exposition. Leon Czolgosz assassinated McKinley at the exposition. McKinley died on September 14, 1901, eight days after being shot.
To honor McKinley, schoolchildren from across the United States donated money to build the McKinley National Memorial in Canton. The McKinley Memorial Association, formed after the president's death, helped raise the funds. The memorial also is a tomb, with McKinley, his wife Ida Saxton McKinley, and two of the McKinleys' children interred inside. Harold Van Buren Magonigle designed the McKinley National Memorial. Construction began on the memorial in 1905. Workers used over two million bricks in the tomb's construction. The memorial is capped with two domes. One dome, which is fifty feet in diameter and seventy-five feet high, is known as the interior dome. The exterior dome is seventy-five feet in diameter and ninety-five feet high. President Theodore Roosevelt, who became president upon McKinley's death, dedicated the memorial on September 30, 1907. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL07677 Subjects: Ohio History--Presidents and Politics; Presidents; Tombs & sepulchral monuments; McKinley, William, 1843-1901 Places: Canton (Ohio); Stark County (Ohio)
Description: The dining tent and its diners that was set up during a camping trip taken by rubber manufacturer Harvey Firestone, inventor Thomas Edison and automobile manufacturer Henry Ford in 1921. This trip was one of many that Ford, Firestone, and Edison took together between 1916 and 1924. Harding was invited to their camping trip in Maryland in July of 1921, which became known as "Camp Harding." The circular dining table was nine feet in diameter and had a Lazy Susan on the top so that diners could reach any of the dishes they wanted. It also folded so that it could be transported easily. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL03564 Subjects: Presidents--United States; Ohio History--Presidents and Politics; Industrialists--Ohio; Inventors Places: Pecktonville (Maryland); Pecktonville (Maryland)
Ohio Statehouse Decorated for Lincoln Funeral photographSave
Description: This photograph shows the Ohio statehouse decorated for President Abraham Lincoln's funeral in April 1865. A sign above the entrance reads, "With Malice to No One, With Charity For All." Lincoln's funeral procession made several such stops on its journey from Washington D.C. to Lincoln's final resting place in Springfield, Illinois. More than 50,000 mourners paid their respects during the six and a half hours that Lincoln's body lay in state in the rotunda of the Ohio capitol. The photograph measures 3" x 2.75" (7.62 x 6.99 cm). The Ohio capitol was built between 1839 and 1861 in the Greek Revival style, resembling the Parthenon in Greece. One of the best examples of Greek Revival civic architecture in the United States, it is also one of the oldest working statehouses in the nation. It is a masonry building, consisting largely of brick and Columbus limestone quarried from the west banks of the Scioto River. Seven architects worked on the project. The most notable is Nathan B. Kelly, who modified the building's plans to include heating and ventilation systems. Prisoners at the Ohio Penitentiary were used to complete portions of the construction of the building. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: Om3150_3805415_001 Subjects: Ohio Government; Presidents and Politics; Architecture; Presidents; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865; Capitols; Funeral rites & ceremonies Places: Columbus (Ohio); Franklin County (Ohio)
Description: This postcard depicts the home where Warren G. Harding was born on November 2, 1865, near the village of Blooming Grove, Morrow County Ohio. The house was built in 1856 and torn down in 1896. The reverse of the postcard includes a note that this image was "From one of his own camera plates, snapped by W.G. Harding, Compliments of Harding Jr, 1/30/24....to Chas. D. Schaffner, Marion, O." The printed portion includes information about the home sworn by C. W. Kramer, Notary Public in Marion County, Ohio on November 9, 1923. The postcard measures 3" by 5" (7.6 by 12.7 cm). Harding graduated from Ohio Central College in Iberia at the age of sixteen. His family moved to Marion, where Harding taught school and briefly studied law. He worked occasionally as a reporter for a local paper before buying the Marion Star in 1884. Within five years, the Star was one of the most successful small-town newspapers in the state. Harding became popular as the leader of the Citizen's Coronet Band, which played at political rallies, and for his skill as an orator. Willing to follow the lead of political bosses, Harding advanced rapidly in Ohio politics, serving as state senator and lieutenant governor. In 1914 Harding was elected to the U. S. Senate. He launched his famous "front porch" 1920 presidential campaign from the porch of his Victorian home in Marion. He won the presidency with sixty percent of the popular vote, promising a "return to normalcy" following the wave of reforms begun during Theodore Roosevelt's administration. As president, Harding appointed several friends to federal office who proved untrustworthy. His administration was tainted by corruption, and the infamous "Teapot Dome" scandal (in which Harding's secretary of the interior leased a government petroleum reserve to a private oil company) nearly destroyed his presidency. After he died in office in August 1923, other scandals were uncovered, further tarnishing Harding's reputation. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: Om3205_3812873_001 Subjects: Presidents and Politics; Architecture; Houses; Birthplaces; Presidents; Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923 Places: Blooming Grove (Ohio); Morrow County (Ohio)
Description: United States President Warren G. Harding (1865-1923) standing at tee at Shaughnessy Heights Golf Club in Vancouver, Canada.
Harding was the 29th U.S. president and served in office from 1921 to 1923.
Warren Gamaliel Harding was born on a farm in the small Ohio community of Corsica (now Blooming Grove). He graduated from Ohio Central College (now defunct) in 1882 and moved to Marion, Ohio, where he worked as a newspaper reporter, got married to Florence Kling De Wolfe, and eventually became a newspaper publisher. His political career began in 1898 by winning election to the Ohio Senate where he served two terms. He was elected lieutenant governor in 1903. Despite his defeat in his campaign for governor in 1910, he remained active in Republican politics. On most issues he allied himself with the conservative (“Old Guard”) wing of the Republican Party. He won the 1914 Republican primary election as a candidate for the United States Senate and was elected for the 1915-1921 term. Harding resigned from the United States Senate in December 1920, and was inaugurated twenty-ninth President of the United States on March 4, 1921.
Even though his post World War I campaign was promising a "return to normalcy" with following words: "America's present need is not heroics, but healing; not nostrums but normalcy; not revolution, but restoration,", he was unsuccessful in fulfilling his promise and is considered by historians to be one of America's worst presidents.
View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL07660 Subjects: Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923--Photographs; Ohio History--Presidents and Politics; Golf; Presidents--United States--1920-1930 Places: Vancouver (Canada)
Warren G. and Florence Kling Harding photographSave
Description: President and Mrs. Harding traveled along the Alaskan coastline on board the U.S.S. Henderson in 1923. They began their cross-country journey from Washington, D. C. to Alaska on June 20, 1923, in spite of the president's failing health. Warren Gamaliel Harding (1865-1923) was born in Corsica (now called Blooming Grove), a small town in Morrow County, Ohio. Harding graduated from Ohio Central College in Iberia at the age of sixteen. His family moved to Marion, where Harding taught school and briefly studied law. He worked occasionally as a reporter for a local paper before buying the Marion Star in 1884. Within five years, the Star was one of the most successful small-town newspapers in the state. Harding became popular as the leader of the Citizen's Coronet Band, which played at political rallies, and for his skill as an orator. Willing to follow the lead of political bosses, Harding advanced rapidly in Ohio politics, serving as state senator and lieutenant governor. In 1914 Harding was elected to the U. S. Senate. He launched his famous "front porch" 1920 presidential campaign from the porch of his Victorian home in Marion, Ohio. He won the presidency with sixty percent of the popular vote, promising a "return to normalcy" following the wave of reforms begun during Theodore Roosevelt's administration. As President, Harding appointed several friends to federal office who proved untrustworthy. His administration was tainted by corruption, and the infamous "Teapot Dome" scandal (in which Harding's secretary of the interior leased a U.S. petroleum reserve to a private oil company) nearly destroyed his presidency. After he died in office in August 1923, countless scandals were uncovered tarnishing Harding's reputation. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: Om1441_1154065_001 Subjects: Presidents and Politics; Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923; First ladies; Ohio History--Presidents and Politics Places: Marion (Ohio); Marion County (Ohio); Washington (District of Columbia); Alaska
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