Description: Dated July 2, 1923, this photograph shows an aerial view of Meacham, Oregon, where President Warren G. Harding spoke at a celebration commemorating the Oregon Trail. Harding declared the small town capital of the United States all day long on July 2, 1923. The caption reads, "Meacham. Capital of the U.S. for a day."
This photograph is part of a photograph album in the Warren G. Harding Photograph Collection (P146). Warren G. Harding, the 29th President of the United States (1921-1923), was born in Blooming Grove, Ohio, in 1865. At age 14, Harding attended Ohio Central College in Iberia, Ohio, where he edited the campus newspaper and became an accomplished public speaker. He married Florence Kling de Wolfe in 1891, and embarked on his political career in 1900 by winning a seat in the Ohio legislature. After serving two terms as an Ohio Senator, Harding served as Lieutenant Governor in 1904 for two years before returning to the newspaper business. Although he lost the 1910 gubernatorial race, Harding was elected to the U.S. Senate in 1914. Political insider Harry Daugherty promoted Harding for the Republican presidential nomination in 1920. His front porch campaign was centered on speeches given from his home in Marion, Ohio, pledging to return the country to “normalcy” in this post World War I era. Harding easily won the election, gaining 61 percent of the popular vote. On August 2, 1923, Harding unexpectedly died from a massive heart attack while touring the western United States, and is entombed in the Marion Cemetery. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: P146_B37F10_05 Subjects: Harding, Warren G. (Warren Gamaliel), 1865-1923; Presidents; United States--Oregon National Historic Trail; Celebrations Places: Meacham (Oregon)
Description: Photograph showing a one-time home of Edwin M. Stanton. Stanton (1814-1869), a lawyer born in Steubenville, Ohio, was appointed attorney general of the United States in 1860 in the administration of President James Buchanan. President Abraham Lincoln named him Secretary of War in 1862. After Lincoln's assassination, Stanton continued to serve as Secretary of War under President Andrew Johnson. However, Stanton became involved in the unsuccessful attempt to remove Johnson from office. In May 1868 he resigned his cabinet position. President Ulysses S. Grant nominated Stanton to the U.S. Supreme Court, and the U.S. Senate confirmed the appointment in December 1869. However, Stanton died on December 24 before he could take the oath of office and take his seat on the Court. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: sc3996_01_01 Subjects: Stanton, Edwin McMasters, 1814-1869; Cabinet officers--United States; Ohio History--Presidents and Politics; United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865 Places: Steubenville (Ohio); Jefferson County (Ohio)
Description: This image is a photographic reproduction of a portrait of Edwin McMasters Stanton, Secretary of War during the American Civil War (1861-1865). The full-length portrait shows Stanton seated at a table, facing left, with a pen and a piece of paper in his hands. Several pieces of paper with handwriting lay scattered on the tabletop. Stanton is wearing eyeglasses and has a long, pointed beard. According the Library of Congress, the original steel engraving of this image is based on a painting by Thomas Nast.
Edwin M. Stanton (1814-1869), a lawyer born in Steubenville, Ohio, was appointed attorney general of the United States in 1860 in the administration of President James Buchanan. President Abraham Lincoln named him Secretary of War in 1862. After Lincoln's assassination, Stanton continued to serve as Secretary of War under President Andrew Johnson. However, Stanton became involved in the unsuccessful attempt to remove Johnson from office. In May 1868 he resigned his cabinet position. President Ulysses S. Grant nominated Stanton to the U.S. Supreme Court, and the U.S. Senate confirmed the appointment in December 1869. However, Stanton died on December 24 before he could take the oath of office and take his seat on the Court. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL05832 Subjects: Stanton, Edwin McMasters, 1814-1869; Portraits; Cabinet officers--United States; Ohio History--Presidents and Politics; Engravings (prints); United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865
Abraham Lincoln and George McClellan photographSave
Description: Photograph by Mathew Brady, Civil War photographer, depicting President Abraham Lincoln and General George McClellan on October 3, 1862, meeting after the Battle of Antietam and the announcement of the Emancipation Proclamation.
George McClellan was the commander of the Army of the Potomac during the Battle of Antietam. The Battle of Antietam, also called the Battle of Sharpsburg, took place on September 17, 1862, and was the first battle of the Civil War to occur in Union territory. Antietam is the site of the largest number of single-day casualties in American military history, with a total of more than 22,000. Due to massive casualties and lack of a clear victor, the battle is considered a tactical draw. However, as the Confederate army was the first to withdraw from the battlefield, the Union army is sometimes credited with a victory.
Abraham Lincoln, 16th president of the United States, had issued a preliminary Emancipation Proclamation on September 22, 1862, five days after Antietam, announcing that he would free the slaves of the Confederacy on January 1, 1863. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL04544 Subjects: Generals--United States; McClellan, George Brinton, 1826-1885; Presidents--United States; Battlefields; Civil War 1861-1865; Lincoln, Abraham, 1809-1865 Places: Antietam (Maryland)
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