Description: This bright yellow poster with red lettering advertises amnesty demonstrations on May 16-18 on the OSU Columbus campus, in downtown Columbus, and in Cincinnati. The demonstrations were to be held in support of the aims of Vietnam Veterans Against the War/Winter Soldier Organization (VVAW/WSO), especially universal unconditional amnesty for all war protestors and resistors (including those in the armed forces), withdrawal of US troops and aid from South Vietnam, and single-type discharges for all veterans. Additional demands included better benefits for veterans and the removal of President Richard Nixon from office. A national demonstration was to be held in Washington, D.C., in July. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: MSS513_B01F11_01 Subjects: Vietnam War (1961-1975); Protests and protestors; Activism; Veterans; Places: Columbus (Ohio); Franklin County (Ohio)
Description: This flier calling for a protest meeting was issued by the Vanguard League, in hopes of uniting members of the organization and community against violence in Eastside Columbus restaurants.
The Vanguard League was founded in May 1940 by members of the African American community in Columbus, Ohio. They were dedicated to using nonviolent direct action to solve problems of race relations in the city, and the League's original motto read, "For equality, opportunity, liberty, and democracy for Negroes." Some of the problems addressed by the Vanguard League included discrimination in hiring, fair housing, segregated schools, and community conduct. By publishing pamphlets, holding civil rights events, organizing pickets, and filing civil suits against discriminatory practices, among other methods, the group achieved numerous successes including the hiring of African American women at the Curtiss Wright plant, and the desegregation of many theaters in Columbus.
In 1950 the Vanguard League became part of the Columbus chapter of the Congress of Racial Equality (C.O.R.E.), and former members of the Vanguard League continued to fight for civil rights in Columbus in many different capacities. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: MSS508_B01F06_001 Subjects: African American Ohioans; Civil rights; Race relations; Vanguard League (Columbus, Ohio); Civic organizations; Protests and protestors; Activism Places: Columbus (Ohio); Franklin County (Ohio)
Description: Two American Indian women who participated in "The Longest Walk," resting at Delaware State Park, Delaware, Ohio, taken for the Columbus Free Press ca. 1978. The Longest Walk was an American Indian Movement-led event in support of tribal sovereignty for American Indians and in protest of anti-Indian legislation that was being proposed at the time. The walk covered a 3,200-mile stretch across the United States.
The Columbus Free Press began as a bi-weekly publication in Columbus, Ohio, in 1970. An underground newspaper, it replaced the Ohio State University publication The People, Yes. The earliest known issue of the newspaper appeared on January 4, 1971. The newspaper underwent a series of name changes over the decades, with titles including the Columbus Free Press & Cowtown Times (1972-1976), the Columbus Freepress (1976-1992) and The Free Press (1992-1995). The paper, which covered many liberal and progressive causes, was an alternative to mainstream news sources in central Ohio with the slogan “The Other Side of the News.”
In 1995, the paper ceased publication briefly before reemerging as a website in early 1996, and returning as a print publication under the Free Press title in the form of a quarterly journal in 1998. Published under various frequencies during the first part of the 21st century, the Free Press again became a nonprofit monthly publication in 2017 with both a print and web presence, published by the Columbus Institute for Contemporary Journalism and operated by a volunteer staff and board.
View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL05848 Subjects: American Indian women; Cultural heritage; American Indian history and society; American Indian Movement (AIM); Activism; Protests and protestors; Places: Delaware (Ohio); Delaware County (Ohio)
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