Entire community swallowed by the Great Flood of 1937Save
Description: Roofs dot the landscape as floodwaters rise. 1937 remains the wettest month ever recorded in Ohio. With damage stretching from Pittsburgh to Cairo, Illinois, one million were left homeless, with 385 dead and property losses reaching $500 million. The disaster struck during the Great Depression and just a few years after the Dust Bowl. By the second day of the flood as many as 18,000 WPA workers were on hand to aid families. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: SA1039AV_B15F04_003_012_008 Subjects: Floods; Natural disasters; Works Progress Administration; Ohio Federal Writers' Project Places: Ohio
Description: Dated to the 1930s or 1940s, this photograph shows Bolivar Dam, located on the Sandy Creek of the Tuscarawas River. Originally completed in 1938, the dam manages flood control in the Muskingum Watershed Area. The embankment has a maximum height of 87 feet, with a flood control pool level of 962.00 feet.
This photograph is one of the many visual materials collected for use in the Ohio Guide. In 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt established the Works Progress Administration by executive order to create jobs for the large numbers of unemployed laborers, as well as artists, musicians, actors, and writers. The Federal Arts Program, a sector of the Works Progress Administration, included the Federal Writers’ Project, one of the primary goals of which was to complete the America Guide series, a series of guidebooks for each state which included state history, art, architecture, music, literature, and points of interest to the major cities and tours throughout the state. Work on the Ohio Guide began in 1935 with the publication of several pamphlets and brochures. The Reorganization Act of 1939 consolidated the Works Progress Administration and other agencies into the Federal Works Administration, and the Federal Writers’ Project became the Federal Writers’ Project in Ohio. The final product was published in 1940 and went through several editions. The Ohio Guide Collection consists of 4,769 photographs collected for use in Ohio Guide and other publications of the Federal Writers’ Project in Ohio from 1935-1939. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: SA1039AV_B14F03_003_001 Subjects: Dams; Geography and Natural Resources; Flood control; Aerial photography; Tuscarawas County (Ohio)--History Places: Tuscarawas County (Ohio); Stark County (Ohio)
National Guard Armory Following Xenia Tornado photographsSave
Description: Five photographs document damage to the home of the National Guard Unit Company A, 166th Infantry following the Xenia tornado of 1974. The slides measure 2" x 2" (5.08 x 5.08 cm). On April 4, 1974 an F5 tornado (the most intense tornado, reaching speeds of over 261 miles per hour) hit Xenia. It touched down at 4:30 p.m. nine miles southwest of Xenia and entered town at 4:40 p.m. Of 25,000 residents, 33 were killed and 1600 were injured. More than 1400 buildings were damaged or destroyed and total estimated damages exceeded $400 million. Xenia was declared a national disaster area, and the American Red Cross, as well as several hundred Ohio National Guard troops, moved into Xenia for several weeks to assist with the rescue and clean up. The Xenia tornado was the deadliest and most damaging of storms that comprised the "Super Outbreak" that occurred April 3 and 4, 1974, when 148 storms hit thirteen states. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: Om3127_3729308_015 Subjects: Military Ohio; Climate and Weather; Tornadoes; Debris; National Guard Places: Xenia (Ohio); Greene County (Ohio)
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