: The only state flag based on heraldry, its design is the banner of George Calvert, 1st Baron Baltimore adopted in 1904. The Maryland colony was founded by Cecilius Calvert, 2nd Baron Baltimore. The black and gold portion was taken from the shield of the Calvert family coat of arms (his paternal line). The red and white cross bottony is the coat of arms of the Crossland family (his maternal line).
During the Civil War there was bitter debate over which of the two would be flown in battle. After the war the two motifs merged to alternate in quarters on a rectangular field.
Maker's mark indicates it was manufactured by the Dettras Flag Company. View on Ohio Memory.
: H65498_001 Subjects
: Ceremonial artifact; Communication artifact; Textile--cotton; State Flags --Maryland; American Colonies; Civil War, 1939-1945; Places
: Maryland; United States