: Illustration of the members of the Red Stocking Base-Ball Club of Cincinnati, titled "An Old-Time Ball Nine," 1869. Ten men are pictured, with one presumably the coach. Professional baseball originated in Cincinnati, where the first game played by a team of all professionals who received pay for playing occurred on June 1, 1869. During the inaugural game, the Cincinnati Red Stockings defeated the Mansfield Independents, an amateur club, by a score of forty-eight to fourteen. The salary for the entire Cincinnati team during the 1869 season was eleven thousand dollars. The Red Stockings went on to win 130 consecutive games during 1869 and early 1870, not losing a game until June 14, 1870. Baseball historians challenge the number of games, because a majority of them involved amateur clubs losing to the Red Stockings. Nevertheless, the club had fifty-seven straight victories against other highly-ranked and professional or semi-professional teams.
The Red Stockings proved to be a leading contender during their first several decades of existence. In 1876, the team now known as the Cincinnati Reds became one of the original members of the National League, but this organization expelled the club in 1880 for selling beer at the team’s games. The Reds returned to the League in 1890 after a decade’s absence. View on Ohio Memory.
: SC_192_001 Subjects
: Cincinnati Red Stockings (Baseball team); Cincinnati (Ohio)--History; Cincinnati Reds (Baseball team); Baseball--History; Sports Places
: Cincinnati (Ohio); Hamilton County (Ohio)