Early Gallipolis map   Save
Ohio History Connection Archives/Library
Description: Early map of the city of Gallipolis, Ohio, titled "A Tract of Land granted By The Congress to The French Inhabitants of Gallipolis," surveyed by Absalom Martin. The map shows 92 plots of land making up the city along the Ohio River. In 1790, land speculators representing the Scioto Company persuaded several hundred French immigrants to come to the United States. The immigrants built a settlement in the Ohio Country called Gallipolis, meaning "city of the Gauls." Once the French arrived, they discovered that the company's representatives had misled them. The land that they had purchased actually belonged to the Ohio Company of Associates rather than to the Scioto Company. Many of the immigrants returned to the East. Those who chose to stay had either to pay the Ohio Company for their land or move to the area set aside for them by the American government known as the French Grant. The French faced great difficulties during the early years of the town's settlement. Disease was common in the community due to the town's swampy conditions, and approximately one-third of the French settlers died from these diseases. Gallipolis grew relatively slowly, despite its location along the Ohio River. By the 1880s, just over one thousand residents lived in the town. Numerous businesses operated in Gallipolis, with many of the manufacturing establishments making furniture, stoves, or carriages. Today, Gallipolis has a population of just over five thousand people, and is the county seat of Gallia County. View on Ohio Memory.
Image ID: MAPVFM0260_2
Subjects: Gallipolis (Ohio); Ohio History--Settlement and Early Statehood; Maps--Ohio; Ohio River;
Places: Gallipolis (Ohio); Gallia County (Ohio);