: Dated ca. 1935, this aerial photograph shows the American Rolling Mill Company's Central Works, Armco Research facilities. The buildings shown here were destroyed in a terrible explosion on December 27, 1935, resulting in $75,000 in loss. Armco was originally a Cincinnati steel roofing company, and moved to Middletown in 1901 to produce rolled steel sheets. In 1904, a shop committee, early predecessor to a trade union, was established by the plant's workers. A 1921 innovation in coiling sheet steel led to a boom in production; the company became Armco Inc. in 1978, and merged with AK Steel in 1999.
This photograph is one of the many visual materials collected for use in the Ohio Guide. In 1935, President Franklin D. Roosevelt established the Works Progress Administration by executive order to create jobs for the large numbers of unemployed laborers, as well as artists, musicians, actors, and writers. The Federal Arts Program, a sector of the Works Progress Administration, included the Federal Writers’ Project, one of the primary goals of which was to complete the America Guide series, a series of guidebooks for each state which included state history, art, architecture, music, literature, and points of interest to the major cities and tours throughout the state. Work on the Ohio Guide began in 1935 with the publication of several pamphlets and brochures. The Reorganization Act of 1939 consolidated the Works Progress Administration and other agencies into the Federal Works Administration, and the Federal Writers’ Project became the Federal Writers’ Project in Ohio. The final product was published in 1940 and went through several editions. The Ohio Guide Collection consists of 4,769 photographs collected for use in Ohio Guide and other publications of the Federal Writers’ Project in Ohio from 1935-1939.
View on Ohio Memory.
: SA1039AV_B07F09_010_1 Subjects
: American Rolling Mill Company; Steel-works--Ohio--Pictorial works;Industries--Ohio--Butler County; Factories--History; United States. Work Projects Administration (Ohio) Places
: Middletown(Ohio); Butler county(Ohio); Warren county(Ohio)