Description: Illustration of French expedition led by Joseph Pierre Celoron de Bienville, here depicted burying a lead plate. On these plates were pronouncements laying claim to the Ohio Country in the name of the king of France. At the places where major rivers joined the Ohio, the party stopped and buried one of the tablets. On a nearby tree, a metal plaque was placed, asserting the claims of France and stating that the tablet lay nearby. This practice of burying plates first began in Europe in the Middle Ages and was a common way to show landownership. In total, De Bienville is believed to have buried six plates. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL04622 Subjects: Ohio History--Settlement and Early Statehood; Ohio--History; Land settlement--Ohio; Explorers;
Description: Photographic reproduction of an engraved portrait depicting Josiah Harmar, ca. 1790-1799. The original portrait was engraved by John Sartain and based on a painting by Raphael Peale. Harmar served in the Continental Army during the American Revolution. He was then appointed commander of the American Army in the Ohio Country where there was conflict between Native Americans and white settlers. In 1790 Harmar launched an attack on the Miami, Shawnee, Delaware and other native people in western Ohio. Initially the tribes retreated, but a successful counter attack led by Little Turtle of the Miami routed Harmar's troops and they retreated. Because of the heavy casualties his troops suffered, in 1791 he was court-martialed for misconduct during the campaign. Though the court-martial cleared him of all charges, Harmar retired from the army in 1792. He returned to Pennsylvania and served as the state's Adjutant General from 1793 until 1799. He died August 20, 1813. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL02989 Subjects: American Indians; Ohio History--Settlement and Early Statehood; Ohio History--Military Ohio
Description: Illustration of Simon Girty, Ohio Country frontiersman, from "History of Ohio in Words of One Syllable" by Anne Cole Cady, printed in "An Ohio Portrait" by George W. Knepper. Girty was born in Chambers Mill, Pennsylvania, in 1741. During the French and Indian War, his family sought refuge in Fort Granville, which was captured in 1755 by an army of French soldiers and native Indians. Girty eventually found himself in the hands of the Seneca Indians who took him to the Ohio Country and adopted him. His knowledge of Indian culture and language was highly sought after during the American Revolutionary War as both the British and Americans hoped to secure alliances with various local tribes. Girty first aligned himself with the Americans. However, he was discharged from the American military in 1777 and afterwards offered his help to the British. After the war, Girty continued to aid the Indians of the Ohio Country in resisting further settlement of the Ohio Country, participating in the Ba View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: SC2697_Girty_002 Subjects: American Revolutionary War, 1775-1783; American Indians in Ohio; Fallen Timbers, Battle of, Ohio, 1794; Forts & fortifications; American Indian history; American Indians--Warfare; American Indians; Ohio History; Ohio History--Settlement and Early Statehood Places: Ohio
Description: Map of the Ohio Company Purchase.
This plan illustrates the first tract of Ohio land to be sold by the Continental Congress to the Ohio Company of Associates, also known as the Ohio Company. The company was formed on March 1, 1786, by former Revolutionary War officers and soldiers, Rufus Putnam, Benjamin Tupper, Samuel Holden Parsons and Manasseh Cutler in Boston, Massachusetts. Parsons, Putnam, and Cutler were chosen as directors while Winthrop Sargent became the secretary. The company established the first permanent settlement at Marietta in April 1788 and sent pioneers from New England to settle the Northwest Territory. In 1796, the Ohio Company divided its shares and ceased to exist as a land company. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL07517 Subjects: Ohio History--Settlement and Early Statehood; Ohio Company (1786-1796); Marietta (Ohio); Northwest Territory--History; United States. Continental Congress Places: Ohio
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