Description: Photograph showing Temperance protestors outside an unidentified Ohio saloon. During the late 1800s, support for Prohibition ("the outlawing of alcohol's manufacture, transportation, and consumption") gained tremendous support. On May 24, 1893, temperance advocates in Ohio formed the Ohio Anti-Saloon League in Oberlin, Ohio. This organization's members believed that American society was in moral decline. As people moved from rural areas to urbanized ones, many Americans believed that they were losing touch with their religious values. One way that people were violating God's desires was by consuming alcohol. The Ohio Anti-Saloon League hoped to prohibit alcohol by enforcing existing laws and by implementing new ones. This same year, temperance supporters in Washington, DC, formed their own Anti-Saloon League. In 1895, the Ohio and Washington organizations united to create the National Anti-Saloon League, which eventually became the Anti-Saloon League of America. The Anti-Saloon League adopted Prohibition as its primary goal, but also sought to eliminate bars, taverns, and saloons, believing that these businesses promoted the consumption of alcohol. For the first fifteen years of its existence, the Anti-Saloon League and its subsidiaries focused on implementing anti-alcohol laws in local communities. As support grew, including among such prominent Americans as John D. Rockefeller, the League began a national campaign to implement Prohibition. In 1913, the League sponsored a parade in Washington, DC. At the gathering's conclusion, the League's superintendent, Purley Baker, presented an amendment to the United States Congress and to the House of Representatives. This amendment would be the basis for the Eighteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution which made Prohibition the law of the land. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: P156_B02F09_001_01 Subjects: Temperance--History; Alcohol; Women--Societies and clubs--Ohio; Places: Ohio
Description: Illustration of "The crusading women of New Vienna," from Henry Howe's "Historical Collection of Ohio," 1909. This illustration shows an organized protest held by women in support of Temperance outside of an unidentified New Vienna saloon, likely during the ca. 1870 Whiskey Crusade. The Temperance movement was an organized effort during the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries to limit or outlaw the consumption and production of alcoholic beverages in the United States. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL04044 Subjects: Temperance--United States--1870-1880; Alcohol; Women--Societies and clubs--Ohio Places: New Vienna (Ohio); Clinton County (Ohio)
Description: This photograph shows three men seated outside a storefront, two of whom appear to be holding liquor bottles. It was taken by traveling photographer Albert J. Ewing, ca. 1896-1912. Like most of Ewing's work, it was likely taken in southeastern Ohio or central West Virginia. Born in 1870 in Washington County, Ohio, near Marietta, Ewing most likely began his photography career in the 1890s. The 1910 US Census and a 1912-1913 directory list him as a photographer. A negative signed "Ewing Brothers" and a picture with his younger brother, Frank, indicate that Frank may have joined the business. After 1916, directories list Albert as a salesman. He died in 1934. The Ewing Collection consists of 5,055 glass plate negatives, each individually housed and numbered. Additionally, the collection includes approximately 450 modern contact prints made from the glass plate negatives. Subjects include infants and young children, elderly people, families, school and religious groups, animals and rural scenes. In 1982, the Ohio Historical Society received the collection, still housed in the original dry plate negative boxes purchased by Albert J. Ewing. A selection of the original glass plate negatives were exhibited for the first time in 2013 at the Ohio Historical Center View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AV71_b04_f272 Subjects: Ewing, Albert J. (1870-1934); Portrait photography--United States--History; Alcohol Places: Ohio; West Virginia
Description: This is an oversize advertisement for a play titled 'Two Nights in a Barroom' (1858), a prohibitionist play by William W. Pratt based on a story by T. S. Arthur. The play tells the story of Joe Morgan, the village drunkard, who is encouraged to drink by Simon Slade, the owner of the Sickle and Sheaf bar. Even Morgan's daughter, Mary, can not stop Morgan from visiting the bar. In a barroom brawl Mary is accidentally struck by a glass thrown at her father, and the shock helps Morgan reform. Although the play was was not popular in major cities, it was second only to Uncle Tom's Cabin on rural circuits. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: OVS7448_1 Subjects: Theaters; Advertisements; Prohibition; Alcohol; Temperance--United States
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