Description: Henry George was a journalist, writer, and political economist in the United States in the nineteenth century. He was born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, on September 2, 1839. In 1879, George published his most famous work, "Progress and Poverty." In this book, George investigated the reasons for economic downturns and poverty and came to advocate the "single tax," where those who owned land would pay a fee for the privilege. This fee would take the place of taxes owed by workers and pay for the cost of government. This idea was seen favorable by notable Ohioans Tom L. Johnson, reform mayor of Cleveland, and Samuel "Golden Rule" Jones, mayor of Toledo. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL04065 Subjects: Ohio--Politics and government; Ohio History--State and Local Government--Law; Ohio Economy; Portrait photography Places: Philadelphia (Pennsylvania)
Description: Dated 1884-1885, this is a composite of portraits of members of the 66th House Finance Committee of the Ohio General Assembly. Listed from left to right, the men shown here are James Turner (Montgomery County), John H. Littler (Clark County) (top row), Allen O. Myers (Franklin County), Henry Bohl (Washington County), S.W. Brown (Warren County) (middle row), Geo. H. Ford (Geauga and Lake Counties), John D. Thompson (Knox County), A.G. Harbaugh (Cuyahoga County), and Geo. W. Crites (Tuscarawas County) (bottom row). View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: OVS2597 Subjects: Politicians; Ohio--Politics and government; Ohio History--State and Local Government; Portraits Places: Ohio
Description: This broadside, created in 1859 by the Democratic Party of Ohio, was directed to defeat William H. Gibson, the Radical Republican candidate for Congress, by reminding the public of his conviction in Ohio for embezzlement of state bonds. Gibson had participated in a cover-up of a deficiency in the Ohio Treasury, left by his predecessor, John G. Breslin. He was forced to resign as Ohio State Treasurer in 1857, and returned to Tiffin to start a law office. Gibson was Brigadier General of the Union Army’s 49th Ohio Volunteer Infantry during the American Civil War, and is remembered as a powerful orator and patriotic leader for his service in the war. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL04279 Subjects: Political parties; Ohio History--State and Local Government; Ohio--Politics and government--1787-1865 Places: Tiffin (Ohio); Seneca County (Ohio)
Description: This title page reads "Journal of the Convention, of the Territory of the United States North-west of the Ohio, Begun and Held at Chillicothe, on Monday the First Day of November, A. D. One Thousand Eight Hundred and Two, and of the Independence of the United States the Twenty-Seventh."
In November 1802, thirty-five delegates of the Ohio Constitutional Convention convened to draft an Ohio state constitution. In order for Ohio to become a state, representatives of the territory had to submit a constitution to the United States Congress for approval. This was the final requirement under the Northwest Ordinance that Ohio had to meet before becoming a state.
Twenty six of the delegates favored the platform of the Democratic-Republican Party. Among these men was Edward Tiffin, the president of the convention. Democratic-Republicans favored a small government with limited powers, in which the legislative branch should hold the few powers that the government actually possessed. Seven delegates to the convention were Federalists. Federalists believed in a much stronger government. The remaining two delegates were independents. Since the Democratic-Republicans controlled the convention, Ohio's first state constitution established a relatively weak government with the legislative branch holding most of the power. The convention approved the Constitution on November 29, 1802, and adjourned, and Ohio's Constitution of 1803 remained in effect until the Ohio Constitutional Convention of 1851 adopted a new one. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL06905 Subjects: Northwest Territory--Politics and government; Ohio History--Settlement and Early Statehood; Constitutional conventions; History of the State of Ohio Places: Chillicothe (Ohio); Ross County (Ohio)
Description: Portrait of Arthur St. Clair (1736[?]-1818). St. Clair served as governor of the Northwest Territory from 1788 to 1802. As Ohio moved towards statehood, St. Clair actively opposed Ohio's admittance to the United States. He hoped that what is now Ohio would not become a single state but rather two states. Thomas Worthington, Nathaniel Massie, Michael Baldwin, and several others urged President Thomas Jefferson, the founder of the Democratic-Republican Party, to make Ohio a state. Jefferson and the Democratic-Republican-controlled United States Congress responded by issuing the Enabling Act of 1802. This act called on the people of Ohio to form a constitutional convention and to fulfill the other requirements of the Northwest Ordinance to become a state. St. Clair denounced the Enabling Act. Jefferson responded by removing St. Clair as governor. Ohio became the seventeenth state of the United States on February 19, 1803. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: SC4029_001 Subjects: Governors; Northwest Territory--Politics and government; Ohio History--Settlement and Early Statehood; St. Clair, Arthur, 1734-1818; Places: Northwest Territory; Ohio
Description: Photographic reproduction is of a print depicting Arthur St. Clair (1736-1818), who served as the territorial governor of the Northwest Territory from 1788 to 1802. As Ohio moved towards statehood, St. Clair actively opposed Ohio's admittance to the United States. He hoped that what is now Ohio would not become a single state but rather two states. If this occurred, St. Clair believed that the Federalists would outnumber the Democratic-Republicans. This would allow the Federalists to continue to control the government of the new states. Because of this opposition, President Thomas Jefferson eventually removed St. Clair as governor prior to Ohio's admission to the Union in 1803. View on Ohio Memory. Image ID: AL06998 Subjects: Northwest Territory--Politics and government; Ohio History--Settlement and Early Statehood Places: Ohio
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